B ; trade unions ; ext inc inf '15-'19 ; ernest bevin / james henry thomas

'13 how many workers members of trade unions?
4,189,000
1 of 74
and in '19?
8,081,000
2 of 74
economic challenges of war led gov to do what
nationalise much industry
3 of 74
this brought who into direct contact?
trade unions and gov
4 of 74
why did gov have to co-operate with trade unions?
ensure industrial production constant
5 of 74
--
--
6 of 74
war saw huge strain on?
british labour market
7 of 74
total male population of?
15m
8 of 74
how many recryited to army?
4,970,000
9 of 74
and navy?
407,000
10 of 74
and air force?
293,000
11 of 74
whipping out my calculator that brings us to a grand total of how many men directly involved in the war out of 15m?
5,670,000 (so just over 1/3)
12 of 74
combined with shortage of what british industry fell?
imported raw materials
13 of 74
by july '15 mining fell what %?
21.8%
14 of 74
inron and steel production?
18.8%
15 of 74
engineering?
29.5%
16 of 74
shipbuilding?
16.5%
17 of 74
initially this did what?
worsened living condts
18 of 74
and cost of what went up?
living like food / housing / coal / products
19 of 74
increased to such an extent that by when were miners demanding higher wages?
march '15
20 of 74
by what %?
20%
21 of 74
what also put workers / trade unions in strong position to negotiate for improved working condts / wages?
higher demand for industrial workers
22 of 74
who were @ forefront of efforts to unite union militancy?
ernest bevin + james thomson
23 of 74
what union did bevin become official for?
dockers' union
24 of 74
in what year?
1911
25 of 74
in '16 he was elected to the executive committee of?
National Transport Workers' Association
26 of 74
fd in?
'10
27 of 74
realised transport union had to collaborate with which unions to get improved pay / condts?
coal / railway
28 of 74
james henry thomas responsible for which union?
National Union of Railwaymen
29 of 74
in what year did he oversee the national rail strike as labour mp for derby?
1911
30 of 74
what was his position in NUR?
asst secretary
31 of 74
in which year?
'13
32 of 74
when did he become general secretary?
'16
33 of 74
thomas worked with lloyd george within parlaiment to secure improvements in?
workers pay / condts
34 of 74
after war he worked on tuc general council in the years?
'21-'29
35 of 74
'20 book when labour rules calmed mcs why
assured had nothing to fear from limited nationalisation + equal worker opp
36 of 74
TRIPLE ALLIANCE + WAR
DFGDF
37 of 74
what other org came together and united w/ NTWF + NUR?
Miners' Federation of GB
38 of 74
three unions joined to form triple alliance in?
'14
39 of 74
what did thomas and bevin believe triple alliance would allow for?
effective co-ordiantion of strike action
40 of 74
why?
recognised had to work together to incite change
41 of 74
as labour mp for derby what did thomas work on?
newly formed parliamentary committee of TUC
42 of 74
which represented combined issues of trade unions from and to?
'17-'21
43 of 74
then served on TUC General Council that replaced committee in?
'21
44 of 74
what act was gov response to fears over insufficient shell + ammunition production?
The Munitions of War Act
45 of 74
in what year?
'15
46 of 74
under act private companies supplying essential wartime supplies brought under auth of?
ministry of munitions
47 of 74
act gave minisry powers to do what?
regulate wages / hrs / employment condts
48 of 74
gov committees would arbitrate on worker / employer disagreements to ensure what?
production not undermined by industrial disputes
49 of 74
for example ministry's committe e on production in '15 reviewed wages in which industry?
shipbuilding
50 of 74
committee determined national wage rates in engineering and industry and revisited these how often through war?
erry 4 months
51 of 74
committe granted bonus to skilled workers in engineering / foundries when?
oct '17
52 of 74
by what %?
12.5%
53 of 74
but this caused?
striked from non-skilled worjers
54 of 74
forcing gov to do what?
extend wartime bonus to all workers
55 of 74
this act also did what to skilled workers in essential industries?
placed constraints on them
56 of 74
to prevent them from moving to unskilled but better-payed industries gov did what?
said workmen couldnt' leave employment w/o leaving certificate
57 of 74
intended to do what?
ensure production from skilled labour didn't decline
58 of 74
what rlly happened?
gave employers immense power over workers
59 of 74
bc meant which two things?
no competition for labour / if dismissed hard 2 find work
60 of 74
employers could treat workers badly and know?
had ctrl over future
61 of 74
this hindrance to finding new employment caused?
worker resentment
62 of 74
another grievance was dilution, which is?
use of semi-skilled / unskilled labour including women for skilled work
63 of 74
why did this cause anger?
undermined skilled worker position
64 of 74
on the clyde how many women employed?
14,000
65 of 74
so much unrest it caused a strike when?
may '17
66 of 74
while coal miners didn't suffer dilution it was a highly skilled not easily picked up job so there was anger with the war why?
the miners recruited for army weren't always newest miners but older
67 of 74
wgen did the gov require miners for tunnelling ops under somme trneches?
april '16
68 of 74
it agreed to take miners that fit which 2 categories?
entered work since '14 and were single
69 of 74
shortage of labour meant many new men employed in coal mines werent what?
members of unions
70 of 74
casued concern with union members and this caused strikes in south wales when?
march '15
71 of 74
by when had this issue become so serious gov had to intervene?
march '16
72 of 74
made employers do what for duration of war?
make trade union membershuo cindition of employment for all miners
73 of 74
and these new challenges from the war were all going on while thomas and bevin were trying to do what?
make sure in triple alliance trade unions had influence as coherent militant group
74 of 74

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

and in '19?

Back

8,081,000

Card 3

Front

economic challenges of war led gov to do what

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

this brought who into direct contact?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why did gov have to co-operate with trade unions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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