B ; reform ; pressures ; representation of the people act '32

TIMELINE
DFGD
1 of 112
when was rev in france?
1830
2 of 112
swing riots outbreak?
1830
3 of 112
fall wellington's gov?
'30
4 of 112
earl grey appt PM @ head whig-dom gov?
'30
5 of 112
russell intro 1st reform bill?
march '31
6 of 112
gov defeated in HoL + general election called?
april '31
7 of 112
whigs return with subs maj?
june '31
8 of 112
second reform bill introd?
june ;31
9 of 112
HoL rejects second reform bill?
oct '31
10 of 112
rioting across the country?
oct '31
11 of 112
3rd reform bill passed HoC?
march '32
12 of 112
lords attempt wreck the bill?
may '32
13 of 112
gov resigns?
may '32
14 of 112
days of may?
may '32
15 of 112
whigs return to power?
may '32
16 of 112
third reform bill becomes law?
june '32
17 of 112
first reformed election?
dec '32
18 of 112
whigs 441 seats / tories 175?
dec '32
19 of 112
FALL OF WELLINGTON'S GOV '30
DFGD
20 of 112
when did george iv die?
june '30
21 of 112
in general election that followed what happened
wellington returned
22 of 112
but standing within tory party damaged by?
return of reform supporting MPs
23 of 112
was wellington prepared to support reform?
not at all
24 of 112
soon after gov defeated on a vote in HoC and what happened?
wellington resigned
25 of 112
who formed a government of whigs?
earl grey
26 of 112
for the first time since?
1806
27 of 112
PRESSURES FOR FRANCHISE REFORM '30
RGD
28 of 112
what removed most important barreir reform?
fall wellington gov '30
29 of 112
CONDITIONAL FACTORS FOR REFORM (long term)
DD
30 of 112
whats reformist ideals made their way over?
french
31 of 112
and reformist ideals of liberty and equality gaining support especially with?
those excluded from franchise
32 of 112
- many of what grp inc politicised?
working ppl esp in towns
33 of 112
what spread radical political ideals?
pamphlets / papers
34 of 112
and the most influential was william cobbett's?
weekly political register
35 of 112
- early 1800s saw growth of what?
political meetings
36 of 112
some single issue like?
corn laws
37 of 112
but many others like peterloo demanded?
reform of all parliament
38 of 112
CONTINGENT FACTORS
DFGD
39 of 112
- in late 20s tory party unity fragmented for which two reasons?
religious divides / wellington unbending opp to change
40 of 112
- poor harvests of '28-30 resulted in?
increased food prices in towns
41 of 112
- agricultural distress sparked what events?
swing riots
42 of 112
in?
1830
43 of 112
- increasingly organised protesters with creation of what grp in '30?
BPU
44 of 112
by?
thomas attwood
45 of 112
intended to unite who by reform?
new industrial MC / SWC
46 of 112
events in france kicked off again in 1830 why?
bye charles x, hello more acceptable louis phillipe
47 of 112
- in 1830 workers saw reform not an end but?
means of ensuring better life for selves and families
48 of 112
so supported what kind fo reform?
franchise
49 of 112
THE ACT
DHD
50 of 112
grey decided on comp reform he hoped would?
settle reform issue once and for all
51 of 112
substantial enough to?
satisfy public opinion
52 of 112
and remove?
possibility for further reforms
53 of 112
when was first reform bill presented?
march '31
54 of 112
by?
lord john russell
55 of 112
MPs reacted?
all stunned
56 of 112
what did he propose for counties?
remain 40 shiling franchise
57 of 112
intended to do what with borough franchises?
make uniform
58 of 112
to those who occupied property with annual value of?
£10
59 of 112
which tory backbencher was a leading opp to reform?
sir robert inglis
60 of 112
why did he oppose them?
thought they'd weaken role of CofE church in erryday life
61 of 112
what happened to this first bill?
passed
62 of 112
when?
22nd march '31
63 of 112
by 302 to?
301
64 of 112
meaining?
unlikely to pass to law
65 of 112
what happened when grey defeated on an amdmt?
gov resigned + parliament rdissolved
66 of 112
in this general election called whigs and allies had a majority of what over tories?
130
67 of 112
what happened to 2nd refomr bill introduced?
passed easily through commons
68 of 112
what was the significatn amdmt to the county franchise called?
chandos clause
69 of 112
which would enfranchise who in counties?
tenant farmers paying £50/yrs for land
70 of 112
bill sent to HoL when?
oct '31
71 of 112
where peer rejected measure by how many votes?
41
72 of 112
this action led to?
violent rioting
73 of 112
especially serious disturbances in?
bristol
74 of 112
young men gathered in queens square and rioted for how long?
3 days
75 of 112
and burnt down what?
bishop of bristol's palace
76 of 112
and attacked?
several homes / businesses
77 of 112
grey and colleages spent winter doing hat?
trying to win over sufficient peers
78 of 112
3rd reform bill passed through HoC when?
march '32
79 of 112
and HoL passed second reading by how many votes?
9
80 of 112
how did they try wreck the bill on 7th may though?
voting to postpone discussion on redistribution of seats
81 of 112
grey believed only way to pass through HoL was to ask king to do what?
create sufficient peers
82 of 112
when king refused request what happened?
gov resigned
83 of 112
actions of peers led to days of may in which what happened?
national protests organised in favour of bill + against lords
84 of 112
who played prominent role in protests?
BPU
85 of 112
which were aimed at?
preventing return of wellington as PM
86 of 112
wellington unable to form gov largely because who woudln;t support him?
peel
87 of 112
grey returned to office and king did what?
agreed to create peers to allow nill to pass
88 of 112
lords gave way and passed third bill bc of threat when?
june '32
89 of 112
IMPACT OF REFORM ACT ON FRANCHISE
FGF
90 of 112
in counties what was retained?
40shilling franchise
91 of 112
and chandos amdmt gave vote to who?
tenant farmers renting property £50/yr
92 of 112
reform act created standardised borough franchise of ?
male householders w/ house worth £10/yr
93 of 112
in english counties electorate increased by what %?
55%
94 of 112
from how many?
240k
95 of 112
to how many voters?
370k
96 of 112
borough electorate rose from what?
c200k
97 of 112
to?
280k
98 of 112
an increase of?
40%
99 of 112
most dramatic changes where?
scotland
100 of 112
where pre-reform electorate of what?
4.5k
101 of 112
brcame?
64k+
102 of 112
uniform borough franchise hedged with?
qualifications
103 of 112
electors had to have been resident in their home fo rhow long?
1yr
104 of 112
and had to pay what?
poor rates
105 of 112
why did this exclude many men in industrial towns?
had to move for work
106 of 112
this £10 enfranchised many men in what kind of towns?
those where rents were high
107 of 112
several boroughs actually saw what?
reduction in size pre-reform electorate
108 of 112
what happened to men who had vote rpior to '32>
allowed to keep the vote
109 of 112
but over time?
no.s dwindled
110 of 112
what class were especially disappointed with the reform act?
SWC
111 of 112
one way of expressing their grievances was their support fo what movement?
chartists
112 of 112

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Card 2

Front

when was rev in france?

Back

1830

Card 3

Front

swing riots outbreak?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

fall wellington's gov?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

earl grey appt PM @ head whig-dom gov?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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