Autonomic Nervous System

Autonomic
The nervous system derivative which works on involuntary effectors, such as cardiac and smooth muscle, and glands. Usually consists of 2 neurones connected by a ganglion. Neurotransmitter released can be stimulatory or inhibitory
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Somatic
The nervous system derivative which works on voluntary effectors like skeletal striated muscle. Usually consists of one motor neuron from spinal cord to effector. Neurotransmitter is always stimulatory, and it is always acetylcholine
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Nicotinic
Acetylcholine receptors for pre-ganglionic neurones of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
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Muscarinic
Acetylcholine receptors for post-ganglionic neurones of the parasympathetic nervous system
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Adrenergic
Noradrenaline receptors for post-ganglionic neurones of the sympathetic nervous system
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T1 to L2
Where do pre-ganglionic neurones of the SNS arise from?
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Sympathetic ganglion chain
The name of the region where most of pre-ganglionic neurones and the post-ganglionic neurones of the sympathetic nervous system meet
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Short
Are pre-ganglionic neurones of the SNS long or short?
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Long
Are post-ganglionic neurones of the SNS long or short?
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Adrenal medulla
The only example where the pre-ganglionic neurone of the SNS synapses with the effector
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Nicotine
An agonist of the nicotinic receptors of the SNS, causing increased: heart rate, blood pressure and glucose production
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Blood vessels
Where are alpha receptors located?
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Heart
Where are beta 1 receptors located?
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Smooth muscle
Where are beta 2 receptors located?
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Propanolol
An antagonist of the beta receptor
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S2 to S4
Where do pre-ganglionic neurones of the PsNS arise from?
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3 7 9 10
Which cranial nerves do pre-ganglionic neurones of the PsNS arise from?
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Long
Are pre-ganglionic neurones of the PsNS long or short?
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Short
Are post-ganglionic neurones of the PsNS long or short?
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Atropine
An antagonist of the muscarinic receptor of the PsNS
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Card 2

Front

The nervous system derivative which works on voluntary effectors like skeletal striated muscle. Usually consists of one motor neuron from spinal cord to effector. Neurotransmitter is always stimulatory, and it is always acetylcholine

Back

Somatic

Card 3

Front

Acetylcholine receptors for pre-ganglionic neurones of the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Acetylcholine receptors for post-ganglionic neurones of the parasympathetic nervous system

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Noradrenaline receptors for post-ganglionic neurones of the sympathetic nervous system

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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