Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour

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Social Learning
Emphasises the impact that observing other people has on our own attittudes and behaviour
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Parental Modelling (SL)
Parents inevitably affect their childrens eating behaviour - children observe their parents behaviour
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Brown and Ogden (2004)
Reported consistent correlations b/w parents and children in terms of snack intake, eating motivation and body dissatisfaction
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Media Effects (SL)
TV and media have an impact on people's eating behaviour and attitudes
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Maclyntrye et al (1998)
Found that media have an effect on what people eat and also their attitudes to certain foods
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(+) Meyer and Gast (2008)
Surveyed 10-12yr old boys/girls, found significant +ve correlation b/w peer influence and disordered eating; also 'likeability' of peers was most important factor
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(+) Birch and Fisher (2000)
Study of mothers/daughters, found best predictors of daughters eating behaviour: mother's dietary restraint and their perception of daughter becoming overweight
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(-) Slightly reductionist
Doesn't take into account other factors such as culture etc.
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Cultural Influences
Culture is said to play a part in body dissatisfaction and their consequent influence on eating behaviour
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Cultural Influences can be split up into
Ethnicity and Social Class
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Powell and Khan (1995)
Research suggests that body dissatisfaction and related eating concerns are more characteristic of white women than black or Asian
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Ball and Kenardy (2002)
Studied 14,000 women b/w 18-23yrs in Australia, for all ethnic groups: longer time spent in Australia = women reported similar eating attitides/behaviour to those born in Australia
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Acculturation Effect
To assimilate the cultural traits of another group
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Social Class (CI)
No. of found that body dissatisfaction, dieting behaviour and eating disorders are more common in higher class individuals
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Dornbusch et al (1984)
Surveyed 7000 American adolescents, concluded that higher class females had a greater desire to be thin - were more likely to diet to achieve this
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Goode et al (2008)
Used data from 2003 Scottish Health Survey, established that in general income +vely associated w/ healthy eating
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(-) Mumford et al (1991)
Found bulimia was greater among Asian schoolgirls than their white counterparts
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(-) Striegel-Moore et al (1995)
Found more evidence of a 'drive for thinness' among black girls than white
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(-) Story et al (1995)
Found that in sample of American students, higher class associated w/ greater satisfaction of weight
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Mood and Eating Behaviour
Some explanations of eating behaviour (esp. binge eating) see it as a temporary escape from negative mood (i.e. anxiety)
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Binge Eating (M/EB)
Research has shown that people w/ bulimia complain of anxiety prior to binge
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Davis et al (1988)
Had shown that 1hr before binge, bulimic pp had more -ve mood states (than 1hr before normal meal)
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Low Mood and Comfort Eating (M/EB)
Association of low mood w/ comfort eating
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Garg et al (2007)
Obeserved food choices of 38pp whilst watching happy/sad movie, found sad had 36% more popcorn whereas happy had more grapes
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(+) Strength of binge eating
No. of studies support claim that period of lower mood before episode of binge eating
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(-) Weakness of binge eating
Although binge eating may offer immediatte gratification, many studies report drop in mood after binge episode
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(-) Weakness of binge eating
Unclear why binge eating may be reinforcing - esp as benefit lasts for very short time
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(-) Parker et al (2006)
Found chocolate is more likely to prolong rather than alliviate negative moods, especially if used regularly
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Siever (1994) - GENDER BIAS
Most studies only concentrate on women's attitudes to eating behaviour , however studies show that homosexuality may be a risk factor for men
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Parents inevitably affect their childrens eating behaviour - children observe their parents behaviour

Back

Parental Modelling (SL)

Card 3

Front

Reported consistent correlations b/w parents and children in terms of snack intake, eating motivation and body dissatisfaction

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

TV and media have an impact on people's eating behaviour and attitudes

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Found that media have an effect on what people eat and also their attitudes to certain foods

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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