Attitudes to Food

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1. Mumford et al. (1991)

  • found that body dissatifacton and related eating concerns and disorders (e.g. anorexia) are more characteristic of white women than black or Asian.
  • found that the incidence of bulimia nervosa was greater among Asian schoolgirls than among thier white counterparts.
  • found that there was a greater 'drive for thinness' among black girls than among white girls.
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2. Brown and Odgen (2004)

  • found that exposure to 'food dudes' significantly changed children's food preferences and specifically increased consumption of fruit and vegetables.
  • surveyed boys and girls and found a significant positive correlation between peer influence and disordered eating.
  • reported consistent correlations between parents and their children in terms of reported snack intake and eating motivations. Parental behaviours are therefore central to the process of social learning.
  • used peer modelling to change children's preference for vegetables. Children were seated next to peers that had different vegetable preferences. By the end of the study, the children had shown a definite shift in thier vegetable preference.

3. Powell and Khan (1995)

  • found that body dissatifacton and related eating concerns and disorders (e.g. anorexia) are more characteristic of white women than black or Asian.
  • found that there was a greater 'drive for thinness' among black girls than among white girls.
  • found that the incidence of bulimia nervosa was greater among Asian schoolgirls than among thier white counterparts.

4. Lowe et al. (1998)

  • reported consistent correlations between parents and their children in terms of reported snack intake and eating motivations. Parental behaviours are therefore central to the process of social learning.
  • found that exposure to 'food dudes' significantly changed children's food preferences and specifically increased consumption of fruit and vegetables.
  • surveyed boys and girls and found a significant positive correlation between peer influence and disordered eating.
  • studied mothers and daughters and found that the best predictors of the daughters' eating behaviour were the mothers' dietary restraint and thier perception of the risk of the daughters becoming overweight

5. Gender Bias

  • Most studies have concerntrated on women. Siever (1994) showed that in men, homosexuality is a risk factor in the development of disordered eating attitudes and behaviour. This may be attributed to male gay subculture.
  • research has focused on males. This suggests that the theory only offers a limited view of attitudes and eating behaviour.
  • Most studies have concerntrated on women. Siever (1994) showed that in men, heterosexuality is a risk factor in the development of disordered eating attitudes and behaviour. This may be attributed to male straight subculture.

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