Attitudes of Eating Behaviour

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What are the 3 explanations of attitudes of eating behaviour?
Culture, learning, emotion/mood
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Who carried out research involving Bedouin Arab diet preferences?
Leshem (2009)
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What were the conditions in Leshem's research?
Group 1: Bedouin Arab women living in desert, group 2: Bedouin Arab women moved to city, group 3: Jewish women living in city
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What were the results of Leshem's research?
Group 1: high salt & protein diet, group 2: still high salt & protein, group 3: balanced diet
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Who carried out research involving Pima Indians?
Ravussin (1994)
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What were the results of Ravussin's research?
Pima Indians developed high risk of obesity & diabetes due thrifty gene's effects with new diet & lifestyle of Mexico
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How is nature vs nurture an IDA for the cultural explanation of eating behaviour?
Leshem's research can be explained by nurture & Ravussin's research can be explained by nature, however they found contrasting results of environment's influence on eating behaviour
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What 3 types of leaning are there?
Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, social learning
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What is the definition of classical conditioning?
Learning by association
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What is the definition of operant conditioning?
Learning by action, reward & punishment
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What is the definition of social learning?
Learning by example
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What is the definition of food neophobia?
The fear of new food
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Why has food neophobia evolved?
In the EEA it aided survival by ensuring individuals avoided food which they weren't familiar with as it could be potentially dangerous
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What is the definition of food aversion?
A disliking/illness at the thought of a food which has made you ill in the past
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Who carried out research involving parental influence of child eating behaviour?
Brown & Ogden (2004)
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What were the results of Brown & Ogden's research?
Correlations between parents & child for reported snack intake, high parental control of child's diet = higher intake of snacks, high parental use of food as control of child's behaviour = high body dissatisfaction in child
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Who carried out research involving 'food dudes'?
Lowe, Dowey & Horne (1998)
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What were the results of Lowe, Dowey & Horne's research?
Exposure to 'food dudes' significantly changed children's food preferences & increased their consumption of fruit & veg in children with history of refusal
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What are the practical applications of Lowe, Dowey & Horne's research?
'Food dudes' can create improved healthy diets at home & in schools for children, reducing risk of health issues such as diabetes & obesity
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Who suggested that operant conditioning is unsuccessful in the long term when reward is removed?
Ogden (2007)
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What is the cycle of emotional eating?
Eat junk food high in fat/carbs, initial enjoyment, then guilt & sadness, look for something to boost mood, eat junk food
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Why do some foods such as carbohydrates give individuals an initial enjoyment?
Some foods contain high levels of tryptophan which is used in the production of serotonin, causing mood elevation
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Who carried out research involving 38 participants snacking whilst watching films?
Garg (2007)
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What were the findings of Garg's research?
36% more popcorn was eaten by participants watching the sad film compared to the happy film & more grapes were eaten by participants watching the happy film compared to the sad film
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Who carried out research involving impulse buying?
Verplanken (2005)
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What were the results of Verplanken's research?
Participants with low self esteem were more likely to impulse buy & consume snacks
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Who carried out research involving Bedouin Arab diet preferences?

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Leshem (2009)

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What were the conditions in Leshem's research?

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What were the results of Leshem's research?

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Who carried out research involving Pima Indians?

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