Attention (6)

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What are emotions?
Positive or negative experiences that are associated with a particular pattern of physiological energy
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What are two characteristics of emotions?
Public and observable... not always controllable
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What is the purpose of emotions?
To aid survival (hunger, fear, anger)
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We have feelings towards specific objects, what characterises feelings?
Private, immeasurable without introspection or self report
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What is a mood?
A more general, less specific sensation which is not directed towards an object
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As emotion is hard to quantify, how is it measured?
Using multi-dimensional scaling which classifies emotion with respect to others
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What is a multi-dimensional scale based on?
Arousal (stimulation) and valence (+ve to -ve/pleasant to unpleasant)
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Is tiredness high or low arousal?
High (strong emotion especially if you are desperate to stay awake)
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What is the autonomic nervous system composed of?
The sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
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What is the fight or flight response due to?
activation of the sympathetic system (pupils dilate, dry mouth etc)
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What is the role of the parasympathetic nervous system?
To restore the system
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What is James Lange's theory of emotion identification?
Eliciting stimulus... SNS responds... Identify how we feel
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Why did Cannon Bard disagree with James Lange's theory of how we identify emotions?
He thought that we don't have enough physiological responses to cover how many emotions we feel
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What was Cannon Bard's theory of emotion identification?
Autonomic arousal and conscious interpretation occur at the same time
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What is Schacter and Singer's cognitive two factor theory of emotion identification?
Physiological arousal and a cognitive label occur before we interpret emotion
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How do we measure arousal?
Heart rate
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How do we measure valence?
GSR: Galvanic Skin Response (level of sweat)
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What response is unique to embarrassment?
Blushing
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Which part of the brain is often linked to emotion, and fear in particular?
The Amygdala
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are two characteristics of emotions?

Back

Public and observable... not always controllable

Card 3

Front

What is the purpose of emotions?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

We have feelings towards specific objects, what characterises feelings?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is a mood?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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