Attention (5)

HideShow resource information
In what 5 ways do dreams depart from waking reality?
Intense emotion, continuities of time, place and person don't apply, sensation is fully formed and meaningful, experience them with uncritical acceptance, difficult to remember
1 of 31
When do nightmares increase in frequency?
After traumatic events
2 of 31
Which age group are most likely to experience nightmares?
Children
3 of 31
What is day residue?
When experiences from the day are experienced in dreams, mainly in a disconnected way
4 of 31
What may day residue be important for?
learning
5 of 31
What did Freud suggest dreams were?
An expression of the ids desires
6 of 31
What is the manifest content of a dream?
what literally happens
7 of 31
What is the latent content of a dream?
What the manifest content is interpreted to symbolise
8 of 31
If you think about something before you go to sleep, are you more or less likely to dream about it and what does this suggest?
Less likely. Suggests that dreams do reflect suppressed thoughts (not necessarily for the reasons Freud proposed)
9 of 31
What is the current most accepted theory for why we dream?
The Activation-synthesis model
10 of 31
What does the activation-synthesis model suggest?
Dreams are due to the brain trying to make sense of the disordered past neural activity that is replayed during sleep
11 of 31
What are psychoactive drugs?
Chemicals that alter consciousness or behaviour by altering neural transmission
12 of 31
How do SSRI's elicit an effect?
They inhibit re-uptake of chemicals
13 of 31
How does alcohol elicit an effect?
It facilitates binding of neurotransmitters
14 of 31
How do valium and caffeine elicit an effect?
They mimic the neural firing patterns of other neurotransmitters
15 of 31
What is the survival rate of rats given free access to cocaine in an impoverished environment?
10%
16 of 31
Which drugs will rats continue to press a lever for and are therefore addictive?
Amphetamines, alcohol, barbiturates, caffeine, opiates, nicotine, PCP, ecstacy, THC
17 of 31
Which drug to rats not continue to press a lever for and therefore has less potential for addiction?
mescaline
18 of 31
What are hallucinogens?
Drugs that alter sensation and perception, sometimes causing hallucinations
19 of 31
What do LSD, PCP and Ketamine all have in common?
they are synthetic drugs
20 of 31
What is the scientific name for shrooms?
Psilocybin
21 of 31
What is the scientific name for peyote?
Mescaline
22 of 31
What is hypnosis?
An altered state of consciousness characterised by suggestibility and the feeling that your actions are occurring involuntarily (extreme behavioural compliance)
23 of 31
Who first developed hypnosis?
Franz Mesmer
24 of 31
What predicts susceptibility to hypnosis well?
Your own judgement (personality doesn't predict it well)
25 of 31
What is the main danger of hypnosis?
Falsely recovered memories which feel very real to the hypnotised individual
26 of 31
What is posthypnotic amnesia?
The failure to retrieve memories following the hypnotic suggestion to forget them
27 of 31
What is hypnotic analgesia?
Use of hypnosis to reduce pain
28 of 31
What has hypnotic analgesia been found to be more effective than?
Morphine, valium, asprin and placebos
29 of 31
What is meditation and how does it effect EEG rhythms?
The practice of internal contemplation. More alpha.
30 of 31
Does hypnosis improve the accuracy of information recall?
No, it only improves the individuals confidence in recall
31 of 31

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

When do nightmares increase in frequency?

Back

After traumatic events

Card 3

Front

Which age group are most likely to experience nightmares?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is day residue?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What may day residue be important for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Dreams and Drugs resources »