Attention (2)

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What is processing efficacy?
Being able to process an image quickly and correctly
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What is attentional capture?
When a highly salient of meaningful stimulus occurs and captures your attention
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What is dichotic listening?
Listening to a different stimulus in each ear (Ps asked to shadow one)
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What do dichotic listening tasks tell us about attention and why?
That attention informs our awareness. Because Ps can only recall what was said is the ear they shadowed.
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What is the cocktail party effect?
Selective listening and selective suppression (which allows us to choose which stimuli are going to drive our behaviour and be relevant to us)
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What is inattentional blindness?
Te failure to notice a salient event because attention is occupied with another task
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Which study demonstrates inattentional blindness?
The monkey business illusion
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What is change blindness?
Failure to notice changes in the environment because your attention is elsewhere
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Which study demonstrates change blindness?
The door study
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What is consciousness?
Subjective experience of the world and mind
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What is minimal consciousness?
Low level consciousness when the mind experiences sensations and may output behaviour
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What is full consciousness?
Being able to know and report your mental state
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What is self consciousness?
A distinct level of consciousness where attention is drawn to the self as an object
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Which animals are thought to have self consciousness?
Humans and apes
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Which test demonstrates an organisms self consciousness?
The rouge test
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What is day dreaming?
When a stream of seamlessly useless information comes to mind
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What is mental control?
An attempt to change your conscious state of mind
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What is thought suppression?
Conscious avoidance of a thought
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What are the results of the white bear study, and what do they show?
Suppress group - thought about the white bear for 5 mins. Non-Suppress group - thought about the white bear for 2 mins. Being told to suppress a thought is not a good way to suppress it.
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Card 2

Front

What is attentional capture?

Back

When a highly salient of meaningful stimulus occurs and captures your attention

Card 3

Front

What is dichotic listening?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What do dichotic listening tasks tell us about attention and why?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the cocktail party effect?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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