Attention- Individual differences in attentional control

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  • Created by: Kelsey G
  • Created on: 19-04-16 19:14
What plays an important part attention?
Working memory
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What is working memory?
The part om memory that is involved with actively focusing and keeping attention on appropriate information. It holds relevant information on line for a processing task
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Who tested the idea that differences in people's WM ability would influence processing of auditory information from attended and unattended channels.
Conway, Cowan & Bunting (2001)
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How was this tested?
By testing the probability someone will hear their own name on the unattended channel and their working memory ability.
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What sort of task can be used to measure working memory?
An operation span task
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How does an operation span task work?
Given a simple maths problem and answer, is the answer correct or incorrect - given word to remember - span measure was based on length of the series they could remember correctly.
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How was the test then completed?
They took the top and bottom 25% WM scores and tested them on how well they did at shadowing a message and ignoring the non-shadowed message (which included their name).
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What were the results?
65% of the low WM group heard their name, only 20% of the higher WM group heard their name.
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What do these results indicate?
Those with a higher working memory were more able to ignore information on the non-attended channel even when it was personally relevant.
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Card 2

Front

What is working memory?

Back

The part om memory that is involved with actively focusing and keeping attention on appropriate information. It holds relevant information on line for a processing task

Card 3

Front

Who tested the idea that differences in people's WM ability would influence processing of auditory information from attended and unattended channels.

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How was this tested?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What sort of task can be used to measure working memory?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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