Attalids

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  • Created by: Lozzabxo
  • Created on: 15-05-16 09:10
What is the name of the Attalid founder and what years did he reign?
Philatairos, 343-263 BC
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Where did Lysimachus station Philatairos?
Pergamon, In charge of treasury of 9000 talents
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How did Philetairos interact with the other Hellenistic kings?
Managed relationships successfully, Returned body of Seleucus I to his son, allies himself with his neighbours by marrying off his nephews e.g. Attalos marries Antiochis (Niece of Antiochus)
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What were the key features of Philatairos' coinage?
deliberately ambiguous ruler portrait (Seleucus?), Athena with helmet, spear, chariot
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Who does Philatairos adopt?
His nephews Eumenes and Attalos- he cannot have any biological children (Eunuch)
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Immediately coming to the throne in 263 BC, who does Eumenes create war with?
Seleucids, thought he had been behaving too independently. Eumenes defeats Antiochus 261 BC.
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What are the distinct features of Eumenes I's coinage?
depicts Philetairos wearing a laurel crown, also minted in Philatairos' name
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What years did Attalos I reign?
263-241 BC
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What significant role did Attalos I play in the Macedonian Wars?
General and ally of Rome who was in charge of naval operations, gained the Greek islands Aegina and Andros
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What does Attalos I champion himself as?
Protector of Greek liberty against barbarians
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What was Attalos I's most important victory according to Pausanias?
victory over Galatians, erects victory monument at Pergamon
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Upon coming to the throne in 197 BC, what does Eumenes II inherit from his predecessor?
alliance with Rome, policy of protecting Greeks
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What does Rome bequeath the Attalid in 188 BC?
large parts of Asia e.g. Ephesus, Tralles, Telmessus
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what are the key features of Attalos III's reign, 138-133 BC?
Concerned with botany, horticulture, agriculture, dies with no heirs, kingdom left to Rome but states that the nation must be free and autonomous
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What modes of self-representation do the Attalids employ?
myth- myth of Telephos- link to ATG + modern alliance with Tegea, Proper Greeks defending against Barbarians, sculpture groupa
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the important features of the library at Pergamon?
Attalos began collecting manuscripts, Eumenes II gave the library to the people (Strabo), decorated with portraits (Pliny, statue base of Homer), Antony gave it to Cleopatra (200 000+ manuscripts), competition between Attalids and Ptolemies
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What are the key features of the Altar at Pergamon?
built by Eumenes II, Attalid symbol, marble frieze, gigantomachy, 100 labelled figures, abstract ref to Pergamene victories, absract ref to Greek culture- muses/comedy/tragedy, 3 dozen women- cities assigned to Pergamon? but only received 10?
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What are the key features of the city of Pergamon?
arsenal with canon balls, Temple to Athena, v.large and ornate Palaces, Grand Altar, Great Dedication, military base (converted Palace with military equip), storerooms- to temple or the actual library? (inscription to Homer/ walls support shelves
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Card 2

Front

Where did Lysimachus station Philatairos?

Back

Pergamon, In charge of treasury of 9000 talents

Card 3

Front

How did Philetairos interact with the other Hellenistic kings?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What were the key features of Philatairos' coinage?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Who does Philatairos adopt?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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