Attachments and relationships in childhood

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1. Parents with higher expectations are found to have children with?

  • High levels of educational attainments alone.
  • Low self-esteem due to being unable to meet unrealistic expectations of parents.
  • High self-esteem, high levels of generosity and lower levels of aggression.
  • High self-esteem and educational attainment.
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2. In 1976 what did the study by Condry and Condry evidence?

  • Participants perceived the baby to have a stronger attachment to the mother than to the father.
  • Participants perceived identical behaviours differently depending on the sex they were lead to believe the baby to be. In girls fear was perceived whilst in boys anger was perceived.
  • Participants perceived the baby to display fear when separated temporarily from care giver.
  • Participants perceived identical behaviours differently depending on the sex they were lead to believe the baby to be. In girls anger was perceived whilst in boys fear was perceived.

3. Which of the following is a correct definition of Bowlby’s 1953 maternal deprivation hypothesis?

  • A hypothesis proposing that a break in the bond during early years can have serious consequences which can be counteracted if the bond is repaired.
  • A hypothesis proposing that a break in the bond during early years has serious and irreversible effects on the cognitive, emotional and social development of a child.
  • A hypothesis proposing that those from deprived backgrounds are disadvantaged when it comes to holistic development.
  • A hypothesis proposing that mothers from deprived backgrounds were less able to provide their children with high enough levels of emotional support having a negative impact on self-esteem.

4. Grotevant and Cooper in 1986 identify the idea of ‘Connectedness’ this is defined by Coleman as?

  • The connections made outside of the family during adolescence through friendships.
  • The young person moves towards a state of individualisation while remaining connected to the family.
  • The concept that identifies that a young person will always attempt to remain connected to their family.
  • A stage where the young person moves away from the family.

5. Golombok and Fivush cited in Coleman and Hendy 1999 discuss that?

  • There are no set friendship circles for boys and girls.
  • Girls often have a best friend which they talk and share small secrets with whilst boys typically have no single best friend and play in groups.
  • Girls often have no single best friend and play in groups whilst boys typically have a best friend which they talk and share small secrets with.
  • Boys and Girls often enjoy playing together in early childhood.

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