Attachments and relationships in childhood

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1. Monotropy can be defined as?

  • An idea put forward by Bowlby in 1969 which proposes that children are programmed to form attachment to a single care giver.
  • An idea put forward Vygotsky in 1969 which proposes that children are programmed to form attachment to a single care giver.
  • An idea put forward by Piaget in 1969 which proposes that children are programmed to form attachment to a single care giver.
  • An idea put forward by Bruner in 1969 which proposes that children are programmed to form attachment to a single care giver.
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2. Which of the following is a correct definition of Bowlby’s 1953 maternal deprivation hypothesis?

  • A hypothesis proposing that those from deprived backgrounds are disadvantaged when it comes to holistic development.
  • A hypothesis proposing that a break in the bond during early years has serious and irreversible effects on the cognitive, emotional and social development of a child.
  • A hypothesis proposing that mothers from deprived backgrounds were less able to provide their children with high enough levels of emotional support having a negative impact on self-esteem.
  • A hypothesis proposing that a break in the bond during early years can have serious consequences which can be counteracted if the bond is repaired.

3. Grotevant and Cooper in 1986 identify the idea of ‘Connectedness’ this is defined by Coleman as?

  • A stage where the young person moves away from the family.
  • The concept that identifies that a young person will always attempt to remain connected to their family.
  • The young person moves towards a state of individualisation while remaining connected to the family.
  • The connections made outside of the family during adolescence through friendships.

4. Define the Social identity theory?

  • A theory by Vygotsky which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Tajfel which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Piaget which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Gessel which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.

5. Who state that fathers direct the same repertoire of attachment behaviours to infants as to mothers in the early weeks of a baby’s life?

  • Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2011.
  • Bee and Boyd, 2014.
  • George, Cummings and Davies, 2010.
  • Allen, 2011.

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