Attachments and relationships in childhood

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1. What are the four parenting styles identified by Maccoby and Martins in 1983?

  • Child, Adult, Parent, Alien.
  • Nurturing, Controlling, Neglecting, Indulgent/Permissive.
  • Authoritative, Authoritarian. Indulgent/Permissive and Neglecting.
  • Caring, Authoritative, Neglecting, Indulgent/Permissive.
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2. Studies have found rejection and isolation to?

  • Have negative consequences for young people rejected by their peers several studies have evidenced links to, depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and poor academic performance.
  • Have positive long term consequences for individuals motivating people to validate themselves and really on their own opinion of themselves.
  • Have no consequences for young people.
  • Have negative consequences for the academic profile of young people alone.

3. A study by Schaffer and Emerson in 1964 found that?

  • 40% of human infants were most attached to an adult who did not feed and bathe them but was most responsive to them.
  • 50% of human infants were most attached to the care giver that did feed and bathe them.
  • 70% of human infants were most attached to the care giver that did feed and bathe them.
  • 20% of human infants were most attached to an adult who did not feed and bathe them but was most responsive to them.

4. What is Sociometric Status?

  • A child’s level of communicative skills in social interactions.
  • A child’s academic achievement level.
  • How well a child is liked by their peers.
  • How well a child performs in society.

5. Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2011 identify 4 different levels of social status what are they?

  • Popular, Controversial, Rejected (split into two sections submissive and aggressive and Neglected.
  • Popular, Unpopular, Academic and Aggressive.
  • Intellectual, Practical, Verbal and Academic.
  • Easy, Slow to warm up, Difficult and Impossible.

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