Attachments and relationships in childhood

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1. What are the types of interaction play identified by Parten in 1932 and cited in Smith, Cowie and Blades?

  • Unoccupied, onlooker, solitary, parallel, associative and co-operative.
  • Communicative, Tactile and Friendly.
  • Imitating, Creative and Practical.
  • Shy, Confident and Easy going.
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2. Grotevant and Cooper in 1986 identify the idea of ‘Connectedness’ this is defined by Coleman as?

  • The young person moves towards a state of individualisation while remaining connected to the family.
  • The concept that identifies that a young person will always attempt to remain connected to their family.
  • The connections made outside of the family during adolescence through friendships.
  • A stage where the young person moves away from the family.

3. Define the Social identity theory?

  • A theory by Vygotsky which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Tajfel which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Piaget which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.
  • A theory by Gessel which proposes group identity this is where individuals in a group have a shared world view, set of attitudes and beliefs.

4. What are the four parenting styles identified by Maccoby and Martins in 1983?

  • Authoritative, Authoritarian. Indulgent/Permissive and Neglecting.
  • Caring, Authoritative, Neglecting, Indulgent/Permissive.
  • Child, Adult, Parent, Alien.
  • Nurturing, Controlling, Neglecting, Indulgent/Permissive.

5. Golombok and Fivush cited in Coleman and Hendy 1999 discuss that?

  • Girls often have a best friend which they talk and share small secrets with whilst boys typically have no single best friend and play in groups.
  • Girls often have no single best friend and play in groups whilst boys typically have a best friend which they talk and share small secrets with.
  • There are no set friendship circles for boys and girls.
  • Boys and Girls often enjoy playing together in early childhood.

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