Attachment Theory

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What is attachment?
A emotional bond that connects you to another person across time and space. An infant expression of emotion to the caregivers response
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Who proposed the attachment theory?
John Bowlby 1969
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How does attachment develop?
Pre attachment - Take love from anyone, Attachment in making - realise whose who, Clear cut attachment - don't want to leave attachments and Goal corrected partnership - recognises their caregiver needs love
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What does a secure infant attachment entail?
correct balance, child allowed to explore safely with that attachment figure, marked by positive and quick response to caregiver
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What does an insecure-avoidant attachment entail?
independent of attachment both physically and emotionally, do not orientate to their attachment when exploring
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What does an insecure-resistant attachment entail?
shows clingy dependent behaviour but rejects attachment, cannot be comforted and they fail to develop any feelings of security from attachment figure
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What does insecure-disorganised attachment entail?
no clear strategy and linked with child behaviour problems
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What are the four stages to how attachment develops?
pre attachment, attachment in the making, clear - cut attachment and goal corrected partnership
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What does the pre attachment stage involve?
the child takes love from anyone that gives it
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What does the attachment in the making stage involve?
the child knows who is who and recognises familiar individuals
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What does the clear cut attachment stage involve?
doesn't want to leave attachment figure and stresses anxiety
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What does the goal corrected partnership stage involve?
the child recognises the caregiver's needs and shares the love
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What behaviour does the adult show if they have a secure attachment?
autonomous
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What behaviour does the adult show if they have a disorganised attachment?
unresolved
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What behaviour does the adult show if they have an ambivalent attachment?
preoccupied
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What behaviour does the adult show if they have an avoidant attachment?
dismissing
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What is an adult secure attachment?
relatively free to chose your own adult attachments
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What is an adult ambivalent attachment?
find it hard to develop healthy relationships
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What is an adult avoidant attachment?
doesn't see a need for relationships
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What is an adult disorganised attachment?
the adult will end up with a series of unresolved issues with individuals
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Who proposed the attachment theory?

Back

John Bowlby 1969

Card 3

Front

How does attachment develop?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What does a secure infant attachment entail?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What does an insecure-avoidant attachment entail?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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