Attachment Key Words

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  • Created by: Holly
  • Created on: 30-04-15 15:23
Attachment
an two-way emotional bond between two people
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Primary attachment figure
the person who has formed the closest relationship with the child, usually the biological mother
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Learning theory
explains behaviour in terms of learning through operant/classical conditioning
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Innate
characteristics which are inborn, a product of genetic factors
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Continuity hypothesis
the idea that emotionally secure infants go on to be emotionally secure, trusting and socially confident adults
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Imprinting
an innate readiness to develop a strong bond with a mother figure. Takes place during a critical period
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Internal working model
a mental model which enables individuals to predict and control their environment
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Monotropy
the idea that the relationship the infant has with their primary attachment figure has a special significance to emotional development
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Sensitive period
a time during which a child is sensitive to a specific form of stimulation, resulting in the development of a specific response or characteristic
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Social releasers
social behaviour or characteristic that elicits a caregiving reaction. Bowlby says these are innate
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Temperament hypothesis
the belief that children form secure attachments because they have an 'easy' temperament from birth. Difficult children are more likely to form insecure attachments
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Secure attachment
comfortable with social interaction and intimacy, related to healthy emotional development, use the caregiver as a secure base
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Insecure attachment
develops as the result of the caregiver's lack of sensitive responding to the infant's needs. Associated with poor emotional development
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Insecure-avoidant
tend to avoid social interaction and intimacy, anxious, little response to separation, explore without the presence of caregiver
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Insecure-resistant
both seek and avoid social interaction and intimacy, immediate distress upon separation, conflicting desires upon reunion.
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Disorganised
lack of consistent pattern of social behaviour
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Separation anxiety
distress is shown by an infant when separated from their primary attachment figure
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Stranger anxiety
distress shown by an infant when separated from their primary attachment figure
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Cultural variations
the ways different groups of people differ in terms of their social practices and the effects these have on development
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Collectivist culture
a culture that places more value on the collective rather than the individual
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Disinhibited attachment
a type of disorganised attachment where the child could not discriminate between people they chose as attachment figures. These children are over-friendly to strangers and may be attention-seeking
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Institutional care
a place dedicated to a particular task, e.g. a hospital. People live here for a period of time.
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Privation
the lack of attachments; they failed to develop during early life
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Day care
a form of temporary care which is not given by a family member and usually takes place outside the home
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Peer relations
a child's ability to form close relationships with other children
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Card 2

Front

the person who has formed the closest relationship with the child, usually the biological mother

Back

Primary attachment figure

Card 3

Front

explains behaviour in terms of learning through operant/classical conditioning

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

characteristics which are inborn, a product of genetic factors

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the idea that emotionally secure infants go on to be emotionally secure, trusting and socially confident adults

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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