Attachment

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  • Created by: jade
  • Created on: 18-05-15 12:42
Harlow
reinforcement through the provision of food is not the main determiner of attachment
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Schaffer and Emerson
No support found for Bowlby's idea of monotropism
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Lorenz
Animals are genetically pre-programmed to develop attachments to their mother
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Bowlby
4 stages of attachment are pre-attachment, attachment in the making, clear-cut attachment, reciprocal relationships
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Ainsworth and Bell
strange situation, four types are avoidant, secure, ambivalent, disorgansied
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Miyake et al
35% of Japanese infants were ambivalent (compared to 12% USA)
6 of 17
Takahashi
Japanese may be more distressed at strange situation because they are seldom left alone
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Rothbaum
Strange situation is not an appropriate measure for measuring attachment in non-Western cultures
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Kagan
Strange situation could be assessing temperament rather than attachment, avoidant are rarely stressed whilst ambivalent are easily stressed
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De Wolf and Ijzendoorn
Argue against Kagan as parents and infants can have a different type of attachment
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Matas et al
Internal working model support as secure infants are more coopoerative with their mother during problem-solving tasks at 24 months
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Sroufe et al
Internal working model support as secure infants are seen as social leaders by pre-school teachers
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Main et al
Adult Attachment interview, 4 stages are autonomous, dismissive, enmeshed, unresolved
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Condon and Sander
Caregiver-infant interactions - interactional symphony Babies co-ordiante their actions in time with adult speech
14 of 17
Snow and Ferguson
Caregiver-infant interactions - Motherese The distinctive language patterns demonstrated by mothers conversing with young children.
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Grossman et al
50% of German infants are avoidant due to the value placed on independence and this influence caregiving and interaction
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Belsky et al
Insecure attachments assist in dealing with later life and not relying on one attachment. Insecure do well in low resource areas whereas secure would be advantageous in high resourced areas
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

No support found for Bowlby's idea of monotropism

Back

Schaffer and Emerson

Card 3

Front

Animals are genetically pre-programmed to develop attachments to their mother

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

4 stages of attachment are pre-attachment, attachment in the making, clear-cut attachment, reciprocal relationships

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

strange situation, four types are avoidant, secure, ambivalent, disorgansied

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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