Attachment

HideShow resource information
Attachment
an emotional tie or relationship between two people, shown in their behaviour.
1 of 34
Bond
set of feeling that tie one person to another
2 of 34
How do we see attachment?
Seeking proximity, distress on separation, joy on reunion, orientation of behaviour.
3 of 34
Asocial Stage
0-6 weeks old
4 of 34
Indiscriminate attachments
6 weeks-7 months old
5 of 34
Specific attachments
7+months old
6 of 34
Multiple attachments
10+ months old
7 of 34
Monotropy
One special attachment with the mother figure
8 of 34
Adaptive
Attachments are adaptive which, gives humans an adaptive advantage.
9 of 34
Critical Period
0-2.5 years old is when an infant needs to make an attachment with a caregiver.
10 of 34
Social Releasers
Physical and behavioural aspects of infants unlock parents tendencies to care.
11 of 34
Internal Working Model
The monotropic attachment sets an example of what the rest of their relationships will be like.
12 of 34
Continuity Hypothesis
there is a link between an infant's early attachment and their behaviour later in life.
13 of 34
Positive reinforcement
A reward. Something which increases the likelihood that the behaviour will be repeated.
14 of 34
Negative reinforcement
When a behaviour or response switches off something unpleasant.
15 of 34
Unconditioned stimulus
an aspect of the environment which produces an automatic response. i.e dogs drooling at food.
16 of 34
Learning Theory
Attachments are based on the principles of operant and classical conditioning.
17 of 34
Operant conditioning
Any behaviour that produces a positive reinforcement will be repeated.
18 of 34
Classical Conditioning
Based on learning through association. i.e. Pavlov's dogs
19 of 34
Meta-analysis
Researchers analyse results of many different studies that used a similar procedure. Collects only quantitate data.
20 of 34
Temperaments
Differences in babies that seem visible and innate from birth
21 of 34
Aspects of temperament
Activity, Emotionality, Sociability
22 of 34
The temperament types
Easy, Slow to warm up, difficult
23 of 34
Disorganised attachment
inconsistent behaviour in the strange situation
24 of 34
Secure Attachment
Distress on mothers departure but welcomed back. Wary of strangers. Happy to explore.
25 of 34
Insecure Avoidant
distress on mothers departure but no welcome back. Rejects stranger. Keeps distance and avoids closeness
26 of 34
Insecure Resistant
distress on mothers departure, rejects her return. Alternates between seeking comfort and wanting distance
27 of 34
Collectivist Culture
any culture that depends on interdependence
28 of 34
Imposed Ethic
a technique/theory developed in one culture and the used to study another culture
29 of 34
The PDD model
Protest, Despair, Detachment
30 of 34
Long Term effects of separation anxiety
Extreme clinginess, detachment
31 of 34
Factors affecting response to separation
Age, Type of attachment, Gender, Quality of care, experience with separation, temporary caregiver
32 of 34
Disinhibited attachment
Attention seeking, lack of stranger danger, inappropriate, lack of reliance on caregivers
33 of 34
Extent of recovery from privation relies on:
Quality of institution care, age, quality of care afterwards, experiences in later life
34 of 34

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

set of feeling that tie one person to another

Back

Bond

Card 3

Front

Seeking proximity, distress on separation, joy on reunion, orientation of behaviour.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

0-6 weeks old

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

6 weeks-7 months old

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »