Attachment

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Attachment
An affectional tie that a person forms with another creating a reciprocal bond(two way ). The behaviour is to maintain a degree of a proximity of contact
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Learning theory- nurture
Operant and classical conditioning, attachment is driven by hunger
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Nature theory
Bowlby, innate drive to become attached
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Ainsworth
Strange situation
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Van Jzendoorn and Kroonenburg
Cultural variations in attachment- meta analysis highest attachment types was secure. Japan and Israel have the high resistant, Germany high avoidant
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Grossman and Grossman
German infants may be insecure as child bearing practises encourage independence
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Tashashi
insecure resistant (32%), rarely separated from mothers- react violently
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PDD MODEL
PROTEST, DESPAIR , DETATCHMENT
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Robertson and Robertson
Four children and John-under 3 place in foster care for few weeks with Robertson family. Gave emotional care, similar routines,father visits. None rejected mothers when reunited. John left in nursery- seeks attention from nurses,attachment with bear
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Genie - Curtiss
Privation - found at 13, tied to potty chair, punished for making noise,'hardly human' mistreated by psychologists wanting to further own career
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Czech twins
mother died at birth, raised by father and step mother, she was brutal kept them locked in cupboard dicoverd at 7, rickets- lack of vitamin D, adopted and cared for, went on to form relationships
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Hodges and Tizard
followed children that were institutionalised- from 4 months old- policy was to not form attachments-70% of children were unable to care about anyone. children had problems with peers
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Rutter
Romanian orphans adopted at 4,6 and 11. show normal development
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Bowlby
Day care makes children agressive
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Sylvia
those who attend day care are more sociable
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Shea
those who attend daycare are more active and sociable
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Besky and Rovine
daycare before 1 less likely to be securely attached
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Card 2

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Operant and classical conditioning, attachment is driven by hunger

Back

Learning theory- nurture

Card 3

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Bowlby, innate drive to become attached

Back

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Card 4

Front

Strange situation

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Cultural variations in attachment- meta analysis highest attachment types was secure. Japan and Israel have the high resistant, Germany high avoidant

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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