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what is classical conditioning?
an attachment formed as a result of association
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what is operant conditioning?
an attachment maybe formed as a result of reinforcement (rewards and punishments)
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what is the social learning theory?
an attachment formed through the process of indirect reinforcement and direct instruction.
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what happens before conditioning?
unconditioned stimulus produces an unconditioned response..... food (UNS) produces a sense of pleasure (UCR)
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what happens during conditioning?
person who feeds the infant is a neutral stimulus. Food (ucs) and person (ns) are paired because they are put together number of times. the NS gradually becomes the condition stimulus
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whats happens after conditioning?
conditioned stimulus produces a conditioned response.....
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how does opernant conditioning work?
hungry child is uncomfortable and wants to reduce discomfort. when the child is fed they now feel pleasure which is the reward. the food them becomes the primary reinforcer and the person giving the food is secondary reinforcer
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why is the person feeding the child the secondary reinforcer?
as the person feeds the infant which is associated with avoiding discomfort
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define attachment
an emotional bond between a two way process (reciprocal) behaviours such as being clingy and smiling show attachment
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define primary caregiver
person who has formed the closest bond with the child, demonstrated by intensity of the relationship.
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who came up with operant conditioning?
Dollard and Miller 1950
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Describe one limitation of the learning theory
research has shown feeding is not the main factor in the formation of attachments. The research has shown infants are more likely to become attached to the person who offers comfort rather than food- shown in Harlows monkeys.
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how have humans challenged the idea that food is not the main factor?
Schaffer and Emerson 1964- observed 60 babies in their home for about 1 year and showed babies were more attached to people who was most responsive to the child not the people who fed them. This provides support- harlows monkeys,
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describe one strength of the learning theory?
the learning theory can be explain the attachment formation. food may not be the reinforcer however attention maybe as these reward the inphant. like scaffers and emersons research showed - the learning theory may not be wrong however food is wrong
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what was bowlbies theory of attachment?
bowlby beleved that children evolved to form the attachment to promote survival and the parents evolve to form attachment with their children to promote survial.
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what are social releases?
a social behaviour thats creates a care giving reaction to care for the baby for example crying
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what is the sensitive period?
period of time in which an attachment must be formed before the opportunity is lost forever. between 3-6 months
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what is monotropy?
a bias towards an individual, the primary attachment even with other attachments for emotional needs
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what is a secure base?
attachment is important for protection. it is the base for a child to explore the world and a safe place to return when threatened
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what is the internal working model?
your first relationship creates expectation for every relationship in the future. a schemer is created about how relationships works and how its interpreted
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what is the continuity hypothesis?
a link between an early attachment relationship and later emotional behavior
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True or False- the czech twins critises the sensitive period because it says you cant form an attachment after six months where as the czech twins did.
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Card 2


what is operant conditioning?


an attachment maybe formed as a result of reinforcement (rewards and punishments)

Card 3


what is the social learning theory?


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Card 4


what happens before conditioning?


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Card 5


what happens during conditioning?


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