attachment ; romanian orphan studies ; effects of institutionalisation

ROMANIAN ORPHAN STUDIES
FGJGDD
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what are orphan studies a means studying effects of?
deprivation
2 of 63
former romanian president required women to have how many children.?
5
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- rutter's era study
dfg
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followed group of how many romanian orphans adopted in britain?
165
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what 3 types of development were assessed?
physical / cognitive / emotional development
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assessed at how many ages?
4
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which were?
4yrs / 6yrs / 11yrs / 15yrs
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control grp of how many british adopted children?
52
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when 1st arrived what fraction adoptees showed signs of delayed intellectual development?
1/2
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and vaguely how many severely malnourised?
majority
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at what age did adopted children show differential rates of recover?
11
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which were related to what?
age of adoption
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what was the mean iq of those adopted before 6months?
102
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compated with what for those between 6m-2y?
86
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and 2y+?
77
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beckett et al found these differences remained at what age?
16
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in attachment terms there appeard to be a differene in outcome related to whether adoption took place before/after what age?
6mnths
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those after six months showed sighns of what attachment style?
disinhibited attachment
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in this style who do they seek attention / clinginess / direct social behaviour to?
all adults familiar and unfamiliar
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what about those before 6months?
v rarely showed this attachment style
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- the bucharest early intervention project
dfgdfg
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zeanah et al assessed attachment in how many children?
95
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aged?
12-31 months
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who had spent an average of how long in institutional care?
90%
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compared to control group of how many children that had never lived in instituytion?
50
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how was attachment type measured?
strange situation
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in addition carers were asked about unusual social behaviour suggesting what attachment style?
dinsinhibited attachment
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found what % pf control group came out as securely attached?
74%
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but wat % institutional group?
19
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with what % being classified disorganised attachment?
65%
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description of disinhibited attachment applied to what % institutionalised children?
44%
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as opposed to less than what % controls?
20%
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- effects on institutionalisation
dfgdfg
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what attachment is a typical effect of spending time in institution?
disinhibited attachment
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who are they equally friendly and affectionate towards?
people know well and strangers alike
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but what do most children show in the second year?
stranger anxiety
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what did rutter explain disinihbited attachment as an adaptation to?
living with multiple caregivers in sensitive period
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in poor qual like romanian orphanage how many caregivers may a child have?
50
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none of which see often enough to?
form secure attachment
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most of those adopted before six months old caught up to other children intellectually by what age?
four
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EVALUATION
DFGDFGDG
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:) real-life application
gdgd
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studying romanian orphans enhanced our understanding of?
institutinalisation
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langton showed results led to improvements in?
way chidlren are cared fr in institutions
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e.g orpanages and number of caregivers?
smaller number perhaps 1 r 2 per child
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what is this person called?
key worker
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meaning children have chance to do what?
develop normal attachments
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and helps avoid which type of attachment?
disinhibited attachment
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:) fewer extraneous variables than other orphan studies
dfgdfg
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orphan studies before this involved children who had experienced what before institutionlaisat?
trauma or loss
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children suffered?
bereavment
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so why hard to observe effects of institutionalisation alone?
bc there were bare contributing factors
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which served as what type of variables?
confounding pp variables
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romanians didn't have this increasing what kind of validity
internal
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:( romanian orphanages not typical
dgdgdf
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possible condts were so bad that results can't?
be applied to all institutions bc not all have that -1 star rating
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limitation because what means study may lack generalisability?
unusual situational variables
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EVALUATION EXTRA
dfgndfg
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:( ethical issues
dfgdfg
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methodological issue with assignment why?
not randomly assigned to condts
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rsrchrs didn' interfere with adoption process meaning/
those adopted early may have been more social
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which presents what type of variable?
confounding
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Card 2

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what are orphan studies a means studying effects of?

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deprivation

Card 3

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former romanian president required women to have how many children.?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

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- rutter's era study

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

followed group of how many romanian orphans adopted in britain?

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