attachment ; influence on later relationships

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- internal working model
dgdfg
1 of 50
who came up with it?
bowlby
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suggesting first relationship with primary attachment figure forms what of it?
mental representation of the relationship
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which acts as template?
for future relationships
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why is the quality of this first attachment crucial?
powerfully affects nature of future relationship
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- relationships in later childhood
gdfg
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what is attachment type associated with quality of?
peer relationships within childhood
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which attachment type go on to form best quality childhood friendships?
securely attached
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whereas what did kerns find about insecurely attached?
have friendship difficulties
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in particular what can be predicted by attachment type?
bullying
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myron-wilson and smith assessed attachment type and bullying where?
london
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by giving questionairres to how many children?
196
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between the ages of?
7-11
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which attachment type is very unlikely to be involved in bullying?
secure
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which type are most likely to be victims?
insecure-avoidant
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and which most likely to be the bullies?
insecure-resistant
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- relationships in adulthood with romantic partners
dgdg
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mccarthy studied how many women assessed as infants?
40
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which attachment type had the best adult friendships and romantic relationships?
secure (i know, shocking right?)
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insecure-resistant infants had problems maintaining?
friendships
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while insecure-avoidant had struggles with what in romantic relationships?
intimacy
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shaver and hazan conducted a classic study of association between what?
attachment and adult relationships
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what did they print in an american newspaper?
'love quiz'
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and analysed how many repleis?
620
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how many sections were there?
3
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the first assessed what?
respondent's current / most important relationship
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second assessed what?
general love experiences
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and third assessed attachment type how?
asking respondents to choose which of three statements best described feelings
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what % were securely attached?
56%
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what % insecure-avoidant?
25%
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and insecure-resistant?
19%
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which were most likely to have good long lasting romantic relationships?
secure attachments
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avoidant revealed which two things?
jealousy and fear of intimcy
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- relationships in adulthood as a parent
dhhffd
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what do people tend to base their parenting styles on?
ways they were parented as a child
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so attachment style seems to be passed on how?
through family generations
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for example like bailey et al did what?
measured attachment type of both mother-baby and mother-theirownmother
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what did majority have?
similar attachment types
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EVALUATION
DFGDG
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:) evidence is mixed
dkjgndfgdfngidf
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what did zimmerman compare infant attachment type to?
adolescent attachment to parents
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what did he find very little relationship between?
wuality of infant and adolescent attachment
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why is this a problem?
not what we'd expect if internal working models were important
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:( validity issues
dfjgndfg
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what do most studies use to assess infant-parent attachment type?
interview or questionairre?
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rather than?
strange situation
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when in life?
not infnacy but later
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validity problems because these are what kind of techniques?
self-report
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what do these depend on respondent doing?
being honest and having realistic view of relationship
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:( association doesn't mean causality
gdgf
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Card 2

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who came up with it?

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bowlby

Card 3

Front

suggesting first relationship with primary attachment figure forms what of it?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

which acts as template?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

why is the quality of this first attachment crucial?

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