attachment ; explanations ; learning theory

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LEARNING THEORY AND ATTACHMENT
DGDFG
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what was dollard and miller's approach called?
'cupboard love' theory
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because emphasises importance of a caregiver that?
provides food
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so children learn to love whoever?
feeds them
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- classical conditioning
of course it is
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what does classical conditioning involve?
association over time UCS CS UCR CR blah de blah
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in case of attachment what serves as the ucs?
food
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and the unconditioned response is?
fat scran pleasure
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what starts as a neutral stimulus?
caregiver
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when same person feeds baby continually what happens?
person becomes associate with food
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and with that neutral stimulus becomes the?
conditioned stimulus
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once conditioning has taken place sight of caregiver produces?
conditioned response
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which is?
pleasure
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and learning theorists perceive this as?
love (they have such a nice free outlook on life)
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- operant conditioning
dndgd
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what can this explain?
why babies cry for comfort
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what does crying lead to?
caregiver response
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like?
feeding
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as long as care giver provides correct response what happens?
crying reinforced
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baby then directs crying for comfort toward caregiver who responds how?
w/ comforting 'social suppressor' behaviour
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what type of reinforcement does the baby receive?
positive
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why?
gaining food for its crying
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but at the same time what does the caregiver recieve?
negative reinforcement
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why?
bc crying stops
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what does this mutual reinforcement do?
strengthen the attachment
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- attachment as secondary drive
dgd
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what concept does learning theory draw on?
drive reduction
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what kind of drive can hinger be thought of as?
primary drive
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so why are we motivated to eat?
to reduce hunger drive
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what did sears et al suggest happens as caregivers provide food?
primary drive of hunger becomes generalised to them
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therefore what drive is attachment?
secondary
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learned by assocaition of?
caregiver and primary drive satisfaction
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EVALUATION
DFGDF
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:( animal rsrch counterevidence
dfgdfgd
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what has animal rsrch suggested?
young don't necessarily attach to those that feed them
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when did lorenz's geese imprint on him?
pre-feeding
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and what about harlowe's monkeys?
attached to cloth mother even when wire mother fed them
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why must this also be true for humans ESPECIALLY with learing approach?
they believed humans and animals were equivalent
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:( counter-evidence for human rsrch
wow it's really not looking good for you guys is it
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in schaffer and emerson's study who did many babies develop primary attachment to?
biological mother
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even though the feeding situation was?
other carers did most of feeding
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these findings suggest feeding isn't what?
key element of attachment
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therefore there's none of which two terms?
unconditioned stimulus / primary drive
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:( ignores other factors assoc w/ attachments
dgdfgdf
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rsrch into early interaction sugg quality attachment assoc w/ factors like developing which two things?
reciprocity / interactional synchrony
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studies have shown attachments with which type of carers are best quality?
those that are sensitive, pick up signals + respond 2 needs
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if attachment purely as result of feeding what would be the purpose of reciproc. / is?
there wouldn't be any!!! so it's silly
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and what wouldn't we find relationships between?
those signals and quality of attachment
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EVAL XTRA
h
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:) some conditioning could b involved still
dfgdg
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wat is the main problem with the learning theory?
that it hunges on food
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but it could still be suggested what?
they attach thru condting
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:( newer learning theory exp
dfgdfgd
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hay and vespo prop newer exp absed on which approach?
slt
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based on idea social behaviour acq largely as result of?
modelling + imitating behvaiour
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how did they suggest parents teach children to love?
by them modelling attachment behaviour
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Card 2

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what was dollard and miller's approach called?

Back

'cupboard love' theory

Card 3

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because emphasises importance of a caregiver that?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

so children learn to love whoever?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

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- classical conditioning

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