Attachment Definitions/Key Theory Points

  • Created by: maisyw
  • Created on: 31-05-18 10:07
Attachment & Why
WHAT? Emotional bond between two people that grows over time. WHY? For survival, comfort, food, learnt.
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Reciprocity & Why
WHAT? An action elecits a response from other person: like a conversation. WHY? Sensitivity to this grows attachment, caregiver appropriate responses.
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Interactional Synchrony & Why
WHAT? The tendency to imitate behaviours of another co-ordinatedly: like smiling, poking tongue, actions. WHY? Strengthens quality of attachment.
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RECIPROCITY & INTERACTIONAL EVALUATIONS
RELIABILITY. Babies move all the time: how do we know if intentional or just general behaviours?
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Schaffers Asocial
2 months: no preferences to anything, like social stimuli e.g. faces.
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Schaffers Indiscriminate
4 months: preference of humans, recognise familiarity, comforted by anyone.
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Schaffers Specific & Results
7 months: form primary attachment, show separation & stranger anxiety & joy, depends on quality not time. 65% mother, 5% father, 30% joint.
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Schaffers Multiple
1 year: forming other relationships e.g. family as secondary attachments, becoming independent.
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SCHAFFER EVALUATIONS
DATA COLLECTION. Social desirability in mothers: reliability. Systematic bias in perhaps not writing everything down, subjectivity: validity. SAMPLING: Cultural differences, collectivist / temporal, differences in parental roles: generalisations.
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Animal Studies: Imprinting
Lorenz: A form of attachment for survival during critical period of 32 hours for food, protection.
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Animal Studies: Attachment
Harlow: Wire mothers, most time attach for comfort over feeding.
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ANIMAL STUDY EVALUATIONS
Lorenz: RESEARCH SUPPORT gloves: replicability, support conclusions. / Harlow: ETHICS, can't replicate (harmful), CONFOUNDING VARIABLES different heads: attractiveness. / GENERALISABILITY: humans, depends on emotional. REAL LIFE APPLICATIONS.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

WHAT? An action elecits a response from other person: like a conversation. WHY? Sensitivity to this grows attachment, caregiver appropriate responses.

Back

Reciprocity & Why

Card 3

Front

WHAT? The tendency to imitate behaviours of another co-ordinatedly: like smiling, poking tongue, actions. WHY? Strengthens quality of attachment.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

RELIABILITY. Babies move all the time: how do we know if intentional or just general behaviours?

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

2 months: no preferences to anything, like social stimuli e.g. faces.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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