attachment ; bowlby's maternal deprivation theory

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MATERNAL DEPRIVATION THEORY
DFGNFG
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- separation vs deprivation
dfgdfg
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what does separation mean?
child not in presence of primary attachment figure
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which only becomesissue for development if child is???
deprived
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what type of separations lead to deprivation?
extended
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which by definition causes?
harm
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- critical period
dfgdf
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how many months did bowlby see as critical period?
first 30 months
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when is psychological damage inevitable then
when child separated from mother in absence of suitable substitute for extended period
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- effects on development
dfgd
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what are the two effects on development?
intellectual / emotional
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bowlby believed if deprived maternal care for too long in critical period they'd suffer delayed?
intellectual developlemt
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characterised by?
abnormally low IQ
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demonstrated in stuides of?
adoption
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goldfarb fd lower iq in children who remained in institutions as opposed to?
those adopted / fostered
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thus had a higher standard fo?
emotional care
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what did bowby identify affectionless psychopathy as?
inability to experience guilt / strong emotion for others
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this prevents person from developing?
normal relationships
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and assoc with?
criminality
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can't appreciate what about victims?
emitions
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so lack what for actions?
remorse
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who is quacking?
patrick bateman
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- bowlby's 44 thieves study
dfgd
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what did this examine the link between?
affectionless psychopathy and maternal deprivation
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studied 44 criminals of what age?
teenagers
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accused of?
stealing
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all interviewed for signgs of?
affectionless psychopathy
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characterised with lack of which three things?
affection / guilt / empathy
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family also interviewed to establosh what?
whether 'thieves had prolonged early searations from mothers
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control group of what type of people set up?
non-criminal but emotionally disturbed
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to see how often maternal separation / deprivation occured when?
in children that weren't theives
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how many of the 44 thieves could be described as affectionless psychopaths?
14
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of this 14 how many had prolonged separation from mothers in 1st 2yrs of life?
12
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how many of remaining 30 thieves had exp separations?
5
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of control group how many of 44 had suffered long separations?
2
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so concluded what caused affectionless psychopathy?
prolonged early separation
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EVALUTAION
DFGDF
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:( evidence may be poor
dfgd
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bowlby drew on number of sources including which 3?
his thieves / wwii orphanages / poor quality orphanages
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why is the war-orophans but flawed evidence?
traumatised and ppor after-care so factors may have been cause rather than separation
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children in poor quality institutions were deprived of?
many aspects of care not just amternal
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what is the most important design flaw of the 44 thieves case?
bias
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who carried out assessments and interviews?
bowlby
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:( counter-evidence
dgd
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lewis partially replicated 44 thieves study looking @ how many young ppl?
500
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in her sample what didn't predict criminality?
history early prolonged separation
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why is this problem for maternal deprivation?
suggests other factors may affect outcome of early maternal deprivation
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:( critical period is more like a sensitive period
dgdfgd
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why did he use term critical period?
bc believed prolonged sep inevitably caused damage if took place w.in period
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however later research has shown what about damage?
not inevitable
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koluchova reported case of twin boys from?
czechoslovakia
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who were isolated from what age?
18months to 7yrs
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how?
step-mother kep locked in cupboard
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subsequently looked after by?
two loving adults and appeared to recover fully
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cases like this show period should more be identified as what period?
"sensitive"
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EVAL EXTRA
DFG
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:) animal study support
dfgdfg
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levy et al separated what annimal from mother?
rat babies
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for as little time as?
a day
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and it had what kind of effect on social development?
permanent
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though not on?
other aspects of development
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:( failure to distinguish between deprivation and privation
ddd
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what did rutter claim bowlby was doing when talking about it?
muddling the two terms together
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what did rutter suggest deprivation means?
loss of primary attachment figure after attachment has developed
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and privation is?
failure to form any attachment in 1st place
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what did rutter claim sever long-term damage is actually more likely to be result of?
privation
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- separation vs deprivation

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dfgdfg

Card 3

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what does separation mean?

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Card 4

Front

which only becomesissue for development if child is???

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Card 5

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what type of separations lead to deprivation?

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