attachment

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Zayn101
  • Created on: 04-05-16 22:21
Affectionless psychopathy
A term used by Bowlby to describe people who don't show concern or affection for other people and show no or very little remorse or guilt
1 of 25
Asocial stage
Stage from 0-6 weeks where infant may respond to faces or voices but an attachment has not been formed
2 of 25
Contact comfort
The physical and emotional comfort that an infant receives from being close to its mother
3 of 25
Continuity Hypothesis
The idea that early relationships with caregivers predict later relationships in adulthood
4 of 25
Critical period
A time period where an attachment has to form or it never will
5 of 25
Disinhibited attachment
Child shows equal affection to strangers as they do people they know well
6 of 25
Evolutionary explanation
Explanation for behaviour such as attachment that views it as increasing survival chances
7 of 25
Imprinting
Where offspring follow the first large-moving object they see
8 of 25
Indiscriminate attachment
Infants aged 2-7 months can discriminate between familiar and unfamiliar people but does not show stranger anxiety
9 of 25
Innate behaviour
A behaviour that is instinctive and does not need to be learned
10 of 25
Insecure avoidant attachment
Attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shows low stranger and separation anxiety and little response to reunion
11 of 25
Insecure resistant attachment
Attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shoes high stranger and separation anxiety and resists comfort at reunion
12 of 25
Institutionalisation
The effects of growing up in an institution, such as a children's home or orphanage
13 of 25
Interactional synchrony
Infant and caregiver reflect each other's actions and emotions in a coordinated manner
14 of 25
Internal working model
Mental representation of our relationship with our primary caregiver that becomes a template for future relationships
15 of 25
Learning theory
Explanations that emphasise the role of learning in acquiring behaviours such as attachment
16 of 25
Maternal deprivation hypothesis
Separation from the mother figure in early childhood has serious consequences
17 of 25
Monotropy
A unique and close attachment to one person - the primary attachment figure
18 of 25
Privation
Failure to form an attachment in early childhood
19 of 25
Reciprocity
Infant and caregiver match each other's responses
20 of 25
Secure attachment
Most desirable attachment classification in Strange Situation where child shows separation anxiety, stranger anxiety and joy on reunion
21 of 25
Separation anxiety
Degree of distress shown by the child when separated from the caregiver
22 of 25
Social releasers
Innate behaviours shown by an infant that lead to a caregiving response
23 of 25
Specific attachment
Infants aged 7 months tend to show a strong attachment to one particular person and are wary of strangers
24 of 25
Temperament
The characteristics and aspects of personality an infant is born with and that might impact on its attachment type
25 of 25

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Stage from 0-6 weeks where infant may respond to faces or voices but an attachment has not been formed

Back

Asocial stage

Card 3

Front

The physical and emotional comfort that an infant receives from being close to its mother

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The idea that early relationships with caregivers predict later relationships in adulthood

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A time period where an attachment has to form or it never will

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Attachment resources »