Atoms and Reactions - Part 2, unit 1, module 1

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Acid
A species that is a proton donor.
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Base
A species that is a proton acceptor.
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Alkali
A type of base that dissolves in water forming hydroxide ions.
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Salt
Any chemical compound formed from an acid when a H positive ion from the acid has been replaced by a metal ion or another positive ion.
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Cation
A positively charged ion
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Anion
A negatively charged ion.
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Hydrated
Refers to a crystalline compound containing water molecules.
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Anhydrous
Refers to a substance that contains water molecules.
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Water of crystallisation
Refers to water molecules that form an essential part of the crystalline structur of a compound.
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Oxidation Number
A measure of the number of electrons that an atom uses to bond with atoms of another element.
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Oxidation
Loss of electrons
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Reduction
Gain of electrons
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Redox reaction
A reaction in which both reduction and oxidation take place.
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Reducing agent
A reagant that reduces (adds electrons to)another species.
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Oxidising Agent
A reagant that oxidises (takes electrons from) another species.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A species that is a proton acceptor.

Back

Base

Card 3

Front

A type of base that dissolves in water forming hydroxide ions.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Any chemical compound formed from an acid when a H positive ion from the acid has been replaced by a metal ion or another positive ion.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A positively charged ion

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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