Atavistic form

  • Created by: _marxlee
  • Created on: 02-05-17 07:53
What was the atavistic form?
An early biological explanation for criminal behaviour
1 of 21
Who proposed the atavistic form?
Lombroso 1870s
2 of 21
How has lombroso’s research been credited?
For moving criminology into a more rigorous and scientific realm and his ideas may well have laid the foundation for the modern offender profiling techniques that were to follow
3 of 21
What did Lombroso suggest?
Criminals were ‘genetic throwbacks’-a primitive sub-species who were biologically different from non-criminals
4 of 21
How were offenders seen according to Lombroso?
Lacking evolutionary development
5 of 21
What did their savage and untamed nature mean?
They would find it impossible to adjust to the demands of a civilised society and would inevitably turn to crime
6 of 21
Therefore what did Lombroso suggest?
Criminals were not to blame for their activities as their behaviour was determined by their physiology
7 of 21
What was his idea centred on?
The idea those criminals had distinguishing physical features
8 of 21
Where did these features originate?
A more primitive stage of development
9 of 21
What were the biologically determined atavistic features mainly characterised by?
Features of the face and head made criminals physically different to non-criminals
10 of 21
What did the atavistic form include?
A narrow sloping brow, a strong prominent jaw, high cheekbones, and facial asymmetry, dark skin, and the existence of extra toes, ******* or fingers
11 of 21
What was Lombroso’s research?
Examined the facial and cranial features of Italian convicts both living (3839) and dead (383)
12 of 21
What did Lombroso conclude?
40% of criminal acts could be accounted by atavistic characteristics
13 of 21
What is the contradictory evidence of the atavistic form?
14 of 21
What did he conduct?
A comparison between 3000 criminals and 3000 non-criminals
15 of 21
What did he conclude?
There was no evidence that offenders are a distinct group with unusual facial and cranial characteristics
16 of 21
How does this challenge lombrosos’s theory?
Because criminals do not have distinct physical characteristics
17 of 21
How can there be methodological issues with lombrosos’s research?
He didn’t compare his criminal sample with a non-criminal control group
18 of 21
What does this mean?
Possible that if he had done so, the significant difference in atavistic form that Lombroso reported might have disappeared.
19 of 21
Lombroso shifted the emphasis in crime research away from a simple form of --- explanation to a more ----- and ----- view
Moral, scientific, credible
20 of 21
True or false? Lombroso’s theory could be seen as the beginning of criminal profiling as he made a major contribution to the science of criminal psychology
21 of 21

Other cards in this set

Card 2


Who proposed the atavistic form?


Lombroso 1870s

Card 3


How has lombroso’s research been credited?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


What did Lombroso suggest?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


How were offenders seen according to Lombroso?


Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Criminological and Forensic Psychology resources »