Imagine Kant and Berlyne Were Talking About Pleasure and Beauty in Art

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  • Created by: Josephine
  • Created on: 25-05-15 15:56
Kant
Philosopher who held one of the traditional notions related to beauty. Believed that beauty is in the mind but only some can achieve it. Everyone will perceive beauty in the same objects if they're sensitive enough. Seen as an elitist view.
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Rival Hume's notion that...
anyone can be educated to experience art. This is more of a driving contemporary attitude.
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Kant Played an Important Role in...
what we think of as art. Said that beauty is an active mental state of 2 types...
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1) Dependent Beauty
Agreeableness. When goals such as sexual, social, political, idealogical etc are being achieved.
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2) Disinterested Beauty
A type of higher order beauty. Has no self interest, no drive to find something beautiful (not driven by an internal state). No expectation of reward or pain as a result of it.
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Sublime - Pleasure in Art
An intensified feeling of being alive yet feeling limitless and infinite. When in state of sublime you experience mental free-play: a pleasurable mental state abstracted from material wants and needs that promotes internal harmony e.g. reaching the
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Sublime - Pleasure in Art
top of a mountain. Your mind is in a free-play of harmony.
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Kant Also Said Art Should...
Never have another agenda such as political or pornographic. Would be against adverts also. Modern political artists include Banksy, piece showing pigeons shunning a tropical looking bird commenting on attitudes towards immigration: a v current
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Kant Also Said Art Should...
political theme. Also 'One Nation Under Socialism' by Jon McNaughton, showing President Obama in a bad light, burning the constitution of the USA. Also Madame X by John Singer (1884), portrait of a famous woman notorious in high society for her
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Kant Also Said Art Should...
beauty and rumoured infidelities.
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Kant Also Came Up With Idea That Artists...
Are geniuses. We still must believe this today as we make celebrities of artists.
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Berlyne 1960's
Said that pleasure is related to arousal, it determines arousal. Arousals determined by collective properties of stimuli such as complexity, uncertainty, novelty etc. Too much arousal is bad as is too little. Happy in middle. Applied this theory to
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Berlyne 1960's
art. Said that art has collative properties e.g the palette of colours. If you know the collative properties you can predict pleasure.
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Problem with this...
Collative properties depend on the viewer. What 1 person finds complex another may find boring.
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This Theory of Pleasure is Based On...
notion of 2 opposing responses (approach and avoid) to stimuli. Each response mode varies with the arousal value of the stimulus. Behaviour is the sum of the 2 opponent features- this is our response.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Rival Hume's notion that...

Back

anyone can be educated to experience art. This is more of a driving contemporary attitude.

Card 3

Front

Kant Played an Important Role in...

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

1) Dependent Beauty

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

2) Disinterested Beauty

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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