Assumptions of approaches

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The Cognitive Approach
Cognitive psychologists are interested in internal processes that can not be observed. Therefore research focuses on aspects of the mind such as perception, memory and thinking.
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The Developmental Approach
Developmental psychologists believe that our thoughts, behaviour and capabilities will change over time. These changes can be brought about by environmental or biological factors or a combination of the two.
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The Individual Differences Approach
ID psychologists believe that research should focus on he individual to look at differences between people to help understand aspects of behaviour such as abnormality
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The Physiological Approach
Physiological psychologists believe that all behaviours stem from a biological cause. This biological cause may be the brain, genetics or the influence of chemicals. Behaviours that people perform are often controlled by a certain part of the brain.
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The Psychodynamic Perspective
Psychodynamic psychologists believe that behaviour and feelings as adults are largley rooted in our early childhood experiences. These experiences include relationships with other people; in particular our parents, as well as other factors.
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The Social Approach
Social psychologists are interested in studying the interactions we have other people and how they can have a direct effect on how we behave. The presence of others is seen as a major determinant on our responses and actions.
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The Behavioural Perspective
Behavioural psychologists believe that people are born as blank slates and all behaviour are shaped and influenced by the environment.
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Card 2

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Developmental psychologists believe that our thoughts, behaviour and capabilities will change over time. These changes can be brought about by environmental or biological factors or a combination of the two.

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The Developmental Approach

Card 3

Front

ID psychologists believe that research should focus on he individual to look at differences between people to help understand aspects of behaviour such as abnormality

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Physiological psychologists believe that all behaviours stem from a biological cause. This biological cause may be the brain, genetics or the influence of chemicals. Behaviours that people perform are often controlled by a certain part of the brain.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Psychodynamic psychologists believe that behaviour and feelings as adults are largley rooted in our early childhood experiences. These experiences include relationships with other people; in particular our parents, as well as other factors.

Back

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