Psychodynamic Assumptions

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  • Created by: ZSHanna
  • Created on: 02-06-17 16:18
What are the three assumptions of the Psychodynamic approach?
1) Influence of Childhood Experiences 2) The Unconscious Mind 3) Tripartite Personality
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Describe the Influence of Childhood Experiences
Freud suggested children go through 5 psychosexual stages; oral, anal, phallic, latent, genital. A child can become fixated at either stage which leads to either frustration or overindulgence.
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What is frustration and overindulgence?
Frustration= the needs of the child are not met so they stay on the same stage Overindulgence= the child receives too much attention so they're hesitant to move onto the next stage
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Describe the Unconscious Mind
The unconscious mind effects our behaviour. It holds repressed memories and our desires. The unconscious affects our conscious and therefore affects our behaviour. Our desires can be revealed through Freudian Slips.
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What are the three levels of our mind in relation to the previous approach?
Conscious= what we are aware of. Preconscious= what could be conscious if we focused our attention on it. Unconscious= inaccessible.
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What is the Tripartite Personality?
We don't have one united personality but three different parts which are the: ID, EGO and SUPER-EGO.
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What is the ID?
The ID works on the pleasure principle as it seeks pleasure yet avoids punishment. It pushes us to satisfy our wishes.
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What is the Super-Ego?
Is the morality principle and is in constant conflict with the ID, it means we conform to societies standards.
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What is the Ego?
Acts as a referee between the ID and Super-Ego to decide which one is dominant at any given time. The Ego is the conscious and rational part of a person's mind.
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Card 2

Front

Describe the Influence of Childhood Experiences

Back

Freud suggested children go through 5 psychosexual stages; oral, anal, phallic, latent, genital. A child can become fixated at either stage which leads to either frustration or overindulgence.

Card 3

Front

What is frustration and overindulgence?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Describe the Unconscious Mind

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the three levels of our mind in relation to the previous approach?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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