AS Sociology G672 17 Mark Studies

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Murdock
Family provides four basic functions; sexual, reproductive, economic and educational.
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Chester
Marriage is more common than it seems.
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Parsons
Family provide primary socialisation of children by internalising them with shared norms and values.
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Fletcher
Mothers provide a 'warm bath' for their young.
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Beck and Beck-Gernsheim
there are acceptable alternative lifestyles, more choice and diversity to romantic love, marriage and children.
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Melanie-Phillips (New Right)
'Flight From Parenting' , the family life is in decline.
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Sharpe
Study on how there are changing priorities in girls, they have changing expectations and are more ambitious, in 1970's ='Love, Marriage and Husbands' & in 1990's 'Jobs, Careers and support themselves'
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Wilkinson
'Genderquake' = changing expectations from mothers and grandmothers.
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Ross et al
Grandparents teach valuable life skills and provide childcare, financial and emotional support.
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Foster
Live close to grandparents/ streets away from relatives = emotional and material support provided.
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Brennen
Increase in 'Pivot Generation', 20% of people in 50s and 60s care for the elderly, 105 care for both elderly and grandchild. Idea of reciprocity= will be paid back in old age by children.
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Grundy and Henrietta
'Sandwich Generation' = ages 55 to 69 give assistance to elderly and children.
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Giddens
Social expectations about marriage habe changed + 'Plasctic Sexuality'
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Allan & Crow 1
Cohabitation has increased; 1) Changed attitudes to sexual expression since 1960's 2) marital break ups increased= new partners, few people regard cohabitation as 'Living in Sin'.
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Giddens 2
more choice= confluent love instead of romantic love, more pure relationships, it does not need to last forever, atleast not for traditional views= feelings of duty and obligation to stay in the marriage.
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Fletcher
High expectations of personal relationships + empty shell marriages are no longer needed to tolerate.
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Berthoud
Women choose to end an unhappy relationship not out of unwillingness.
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Allan & Crow 2
'Shotgun Weddings', frequesntly used in 1950's and 60's, now there is a greater tolerance of birth outside of marriage.
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Robinson
Women more likelty to win childs custody; family broken in two = single parent family and single person household.
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Bedell
seconds marriage offers parents a chance at successful partnership after previous failed. Family expands overnight.
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Smart et al
Increasing number of children experience co parenting due to 1984 Children Act, children value both parents
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Allan & Crow 3
Before 20th century, reconstituted famillies were due to death of a natural parent, now parents still alive and creates a division in loyalties.
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De'Ath & Slater
Children pulled in two different directions, tense relationships between their parents can affect how they are treated.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Marriage is more common than it seems.

Back

Chester

Card 3

Front

Family provide primary socialisation of children by internalising them with shared norms and values.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Mothers provide a 'warm bath' for their young.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

there are acceptable alternative lifestyles, more choice and diversity to romantic love, marriage and children.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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