AS psychology aqa a

  • Created by: bex
  • Created on: 04-01-13 14:31
Milner et al 1957
case study of HM, his opp reduced epilepsy however led to memory loss he could only form STM not LTM. He still had procedural memory (talk and show previous skills)
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Peterson and Peterson
Participants were shown nonsense trigrams and told to recall after 3,6,9,12,15 or 18 seconds then were asked to count backwards in threes from a number. Found that STM is no longer than 18 seconds long.
2 of 20
Bahrick
Shown ex class mates, 15 years after leaving school participants recognised 90 % names and faces, after 48 years recognition fell to 80% accurate. Study shows VLTMs are around in real-life settings
3 of 20
Jacobs
Capacity of STM- had storage of 5-9 items
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Miller
seven, plus or minus two (Miller's magic number)
5 of 20
Baddeley
Encoding in STM and LTM- LTM likely to remember semantically similar words and STM rely on acoustic encoding
6 of 20
Atkinson and Shiffrin
Created the multi-store model, consists of three stores- sensory store, STM store and LTM store
7 of 20
Baddeley and Hitch
Developed working memory model, made up of central executive (key component), articulatory-phonological loop and visuo-spatial sketchpad
8 of 20
Loftus and Palmer
Studied EWT- looked into the results of leading questions
9 of 20
Anastasi and Rhodes
Age bias in EWT- more likely to recognise people your own age
10 of 20
Loftus (Weapon Focus)
You don't remember as much when you are anxious
11 of 20
Geiselman
found out that the cognitive interview enhances memory recall
12 of 20
Harlow
baby monkeys wanted comfort more than food, shows that comfort is important in attachment
13 of 20
Lorenz
Found the idea of imprinting
14 of 20
Ainsworth
Strange situation, infants with different attachment types showed different types of reactions
15 of 20
Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg
cross cultural similarities in raising children
16 of 20
Robertson and Robertson
Short-term separation can lead to permanent damage to the attachment with mother
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Clarke-Stewart
Day care can have a positive effect on the development of peer relationships in 2-3 year olds and attatchment in 18 month olds is not effected by temporary seperation
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Shea
day care cause children to become more sociable and less aggressive
19 of 20
Belsky and Rovine
day care has a negative effect on an infant's social development
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Card 2

Front

Participants were shown nonsense trigrams and told to recall after 3,6,9,12,15 or 18 seconds then were asked to count backwards in threes from a number. Found that STM is no longer than 18 seconds long.

Back

Peterson and Peterson

Card 3

Front

Shown ex class mates, 15 years after leaving school participants recognised 90 % names and faces, after 48 years recognition fell to 80% accurate. Study shows VLTMs are around in real-life settings

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Capacity of STM- had storage of 5-9 items

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

seven, plus or minus two (Miller's magic number)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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