AS Media Key Points and Terms

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Mise en Scene
Décor, colour, make-up, props, lighting, costume, body language, blocking, setting (set)
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Blocking
The organising of performance space & actors movements in the space
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Examples of documentaries
Ross Kemp, Danny dyer, true Hollywood stories
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Documentary
A media text that documents reality
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2 main categories of documentaries
theatrical and televisual
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Theatrical
Feature length, bigger budget/higher production value
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Televisual
broadcast on tv, shorter in length (usually 30 mins), series based
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Montage
A collection of shots edited into a sequence to condense info
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Direct cinema
the capturing and filming of reality (as it happens)
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Talking heads
a technique where by the interviewees speak at length to the camera/film-maker
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Compliation
a collection of footage from a variety of sources
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docusoap
a combination of elements of a soap opera with documentary techniques, and often focus on the lives of real people (often 'fly on the wall' in style) EG: Wife swap
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Mediation
Media producers manipulate reality to add interest
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Cinematography
the art of photography and camera work in film-making.
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Types of shot
Extreme close up, close up, medium close up, medium shot, medium long shot, long shot, extreme long shot
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Diegetic sound
sound recorded at time of filming
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Non-Diegetic sound
narrator's commentary, sound effects which is added for the dramatic effect
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Foley sound
artificial sound that has been recorded
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Thompson and Boardwell
believe in live sound being used (diegetic)
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Monacco
suggest it is not actual sound (non-diegetic)
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Editing types
Continuity, and montage
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continuity editing
linear flow, continuous and unbroken
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montage editing
no connection, movement through different imagery
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Cut in
cut from distance to a closer view
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Ellipted cut
where part of action is omitted (left out), such as violence, usually to startle the audience
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180 degree rule
referred to as an axis of action. camera stays on one side of the action to ensure constant spacial relation between objects/people
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Narative theory: Chatman's kernal
The theory stating the important part/section of a narrative
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Narrative theory: Chatman's Satellite
the theory that it does not effect/change the narrative
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Todorov
A narrative goes through stages of transformation that lead to a conclusion. this can only be used in a linear narrative
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Todorov's stages:
1. EQUILIBRIUM - NORMALITY, 2. DISRUPTION OF EQUILIBRIUM, 3. RECOGNITION OF DISRUPTION, 4. ATTEMPT TO REPAIR THE DISRUPTION, 5. RETURN TO EQUILIBRIUM OR NORMALITY - RESOLUTION
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Hypodermic needle theory - 'The effects model'
Mass media 'INJECTS' messages into the PASSIVE audience, changes the audiences thoughts and feelings on a subject, a form of linear communication, audience are able to clarify their knowledge
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EG critisism of the effects model
Some people who watch the advert may not have an effect on the number of sales
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Uses and Gratifications
Audience are active and so has control over what the mass media produce. The media need to provide entertainment to suit the needs of the audience
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The four reasons for the production of entertainment
1) diversion, 2) personal identity, 3) personal relationships, 4) surveillance
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Diversion
to escape from the situations an individual (audience) may face
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Personal identity
'gaining an insight to one's self' ,
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Personal relationship
having a relationship with characters in the narrative, gaining insight into circumstances of others; social empathy identifying with others and gaining a sense of belonging finding a basis for conversation and social interaction
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Surveillance
Information
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Magazine & Advert: Major genre
main genre categories, the larger/largest categories
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Magazine & Advert: Sub-genre
sub-categories of major genres, genres in their own right
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Magazine & Advert: Hybrid
A combination of more than one genre EG: ROM-COM (romance and comedy)
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Generic conventions
The typical/expected signs and signifiers of a particular genre, help identify genre, EG: COLOUR, IMAGERY
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Two-step theory
Audience are influenced by opinion leaders (EG: Celebs, Politicians), audience are active
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Card 2

Front

The organising of performance space & actors movements in the space

Back

Blocking

Card 3

Front

Ross Kemp, Danny dyer, true Hollywood stories

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A media text that documents reality

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

theatrical and televisual

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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