AS English Terminology

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Abbreviations
A shortened form of a word, using the first few letters
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Abstract nouns
Names given to thinks we can't physically see, touch etc
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Accent
The pronunciation of words depending on region
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Adjacency Pair
In conversation, a two part exchange
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What are the 7 adjectives?
emotive, evaluative, descriptive, superlative, comparative, adverbs, intensifiers,
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Agenda
What somebody wants to get out from a conversation and the motivation that a speaker has within a conversation
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Alliteration
When two or more words begin with the same sound
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Allusion
A reference to another source of information, outside of a text which is contexually being described.
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Ambiguity
Having more than one possible meaning
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Anaphora
Repeating sequences of words at the begining of clauses.
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Anaphoric Reference
A reference back to something mentioned earlier in the text.
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Anecdote
A true story from a person experience
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Antagonist
The villan
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Anthrophormorphism
Giving animals hiuman characteristics.
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Antithesis
When words/ideas are completely opposite in meaning.
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Archasism
A word or phrase that has fallen out of use
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Asydetic Listing
A list that does not use conjunctions.
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Bathos
An anti-climax
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Borrowed Language
Words or phrases from other languages that we have adopted as our own.
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Catalyst
A character or incident which changes the course of events.
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Cataphhoric Reference
Reference to something mentioned later in text.
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Cohesion
The techniques used to link together different parts of a text.
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Collocation
Words that are typically assosiated with another word (zero tolerance)
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Colloquial
Usually the language of informal conversations
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Complex Sentences
A sentence witha main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
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Compound Sentences
Two simple sentences combined to form a single sentence through the use of co-ordinating conjunctions (but, so)
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Conceit
Metaphors used throughout text, referring to the same idea or thing.
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Conditional
A word which insitson one thing being dependant on another.
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Connotations
The assosiation the word has with something else (red=danger)
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Contraction
A shortened word (can't, she's)
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Declatative Sentence
Makes a statement or gives information.
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Deixis
'Pointing' words often refereing to a place or time (yesterday, over there)
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Denotation
Dictonary meaning
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Determiner
Words which identify the subject of a sentence (THE cat, A ball, THAT girl)
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Dialect
regional dialect
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Discourse Marker
Words that indicate links of division between parts of usually spoken (well, anyway)
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Dominant speaker
Person who speaks the most in a conversation
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Elision
missing letters (gonna)
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Ellipsis
missing words
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Epigram
Famous quotes
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Emotive language
to get an emotional responce from a reader.
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Epistle
Writing directing at or sent to a person or group of people)
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Epithet
A label in place of a name (The Chosen One)
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Exclamatory
!
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Filler
erm
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Foregrounding
Using a word to highlight part of a sentence (dead, she was)
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Foreshadowing
Hints at events which occur later in text.
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Genre
Type of text
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Hedge
A word which shows that a speaker is unsure about something (might, could, maybe)
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Hyperbole
Intentional exageration
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Idiolect
The way language is used by a particular individual
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Idiom
A metaphor which is used in everyday conversation
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Imagery
Senses
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Imperative sentece
Gives command or instruction
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Interrogative sentence
Asks a question
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Juxtaposition
opposite and opposing ideas within a text.
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Latch-on
Speakers finish each others utterances
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Lexical field
A group of words which belong to the same subject
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Lexis
word choices in text
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Metaphor
comparason that is not literally true because it refers to something as if it were something else.
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Monosyllabic
Having one syllabol
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Neologism
A new word or expression
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Non-fluency features
interupt the flow of a persons speach
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Non-standard English
doesn't make gramatical sense
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What are the 5 nouns?
proper, concrete, abstract, collective, pronoun.
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Objective
basing your points on facts and not opinions.
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Omniscient Narrator
In prose fiction, an 'all seeing all knowing' narrator
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Onomatopeia
When words imitate the sound they descripe
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Overlap
Speakers interupt each other.
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Oxymoron
Two completly opposite meaning words nxt to each other (silent scream)
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Paralingustic features
An action somebody makes when they are speaking (clapping, waving)
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Parallelism
When parts of sentences have a similar pattern or structure.
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Pathetic Fallacy
Natural elenements (weather) to reflect human moods and emotions.
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Pathos
Creating sympathy for a character.
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Personification
When something not human is describes as though it was.
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Phatic utterances
small talk
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Pragmatics
Having an understanding of what someone means without them actually saying it
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Prosodic features
Aspects of volume, tune, pitch pace in speech.
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Protagonist
The hero
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Register
The form of language appropriate to a particular sitation
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Sibilance
the repetion of S,C, SH, and Z sounds
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Sociolect
Speech based on social class
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Solioquy
An extended speech by a character, heard by the audience but not by the other characters.
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Structure
How text is put together
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Subjective
Writing influenced by a personal opinions.
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Sub-plot
A sencondary plot running alongside the mian plot of a play or novel.
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Sydetic Listing
A list with one or more conjunctions
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Taboo Language
Words that are avoided as they are considered offesive or obscene.
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Tag question
A question attacthed to the end of a statement (it's hot, isn't it?)
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Tone
Mood
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Topic Loop
Returing to an earlier topic
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Topic Marker
An utterance introducing a topic
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Topic Shift
Change of topic
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Vague Language
Not being specific in what you or somebody else is trying to say (thingamajig)
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What are the 3 verbs?
Dynamic, stative, modal.
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Zoomorphism
Giving humans animal characteristics.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Abstract nouns

Back

Names given to thinks we can't physically see, touch etc

Card 3

Front

Accent

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Adjacency Pair

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the 7 adjectives?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

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