AS English Language - Spoken Language terminology 1

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  • Created by: KAustria
  • Created on: 06-09-14 16:13
Lexis
Choice of word
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In terms of lexis, what are the 3 features of spontaneous speech?
Vocabulary, Phatic Expressions and Deictic Expressions
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Define Phatic Communication, and give an example?
This is the technical term for 'small talk'. E.g. 'Nice weather'
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Define Deictic Expressions
These are expressions that cannot be understood unless the context of the utterances are known
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Give example of Deictic Expressions
Place (here, there, it), Time (Now, Then) and Pronouns (Me, mine)
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What are the 4 grammatical features associated with speech?
Interrupted constructions, Disjointed Constructions, Incomplete Constructions and Non-standard Grammar
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What are interrupted constructions?
When one construction is abandoned for the favour of another.
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What are disjointed constructions?
Constructions which would not be found in writing.
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What are incomplete constructions?
Constructions that are incomplete because grammatical elements are missing or words.
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What does -non standard grammar show?
The informality of speech
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Give the 4 features of non-fluency features
1. Fillers 2. filled pauses 3. Repetitions 4. False Starts
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What are fillers?
Words or expressions that have little meaning but are inserted in everyday speech
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What 3 important functions can fillers bring?
1. Gives speaker time to think 2. Soften the force of a statement 3. Involving the listener
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What are filled pauses?
Hesitations
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What are digressions?
Deviations from the main theme or topic
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What are the 5 functions of spoken language?
Referential, Expressive, Phatic, Interactional and Transactional
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What is Referential?
The function when utterances provide information
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What are Expressives?
Utterances which express the speakers feelings.
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Define Transactional
Verbal exchanges which aim to get something done.
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Define Interactional
Verbal exchanges which emphasises on the social relationship between the two participants
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What are the 6 influences of spoken language?
Speaker identity, Context, Audience, Setting, Topic and Purpose.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

In terms of lexis, what are the 3 features of spontaneous speech?

Back

Vocabulary, Phatic Expressions and Deictic Expressions

Card 3

Front

Define Phatic Communication, and give an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Define Deictic Expressions

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give example of Deictic Expressions

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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