AS English Combined key terms

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  • Created by: Lily
  • Created on: 11-05-14 13:07
Common noun
A naming work for a thing that is tangible e.g. Chair
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Abstract noun
A naming word for an idea, concept, state of being or belief e.g. marxism
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Proper noun
A naming word for a specific example of a common noun e.g. France
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Verb
A doing word e.g. playing
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Modal verb
Expresses a degree of possibility or necessity e.g. might or must
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Adjective
A describing word e.g. beautiful
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Adverb
A describing words (excluding nouns) e.g. lovely
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Superlative
An adjective that displays the most extreme value of its quality e.g most
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Comparative
An adjective that related one thing to another e.g. bigger
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Pronoun
A word that takes the place of a noun in a sentence e.g. him, her, I
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1st PP
I, we, us, our
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2nd PP
You
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3rd PP
Him, her, he, she, it, them
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Possessive pronoun
My, mine, our, his, theirs
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Monosyllabic words
Words w/ one syllable
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Polysyllabic words
Words w/ 2 or more syllables
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Imperative
Command
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Declarative
Statement
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Interrogative
Question
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Exclamatory
Strong sense of emotion (!)
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Register
Level of formality
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Colloquialism
Informal language
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Ellipsis
Missing out words in a sentence
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Syntax
Way words form sentences & their order
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Hyperbole
Deliberate over-exaggeration
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Tripling
Grouping in threes. e.g. bread, milk, eggs
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Pre-modifier
Descriptive words come before the thing they're describing e.g. Big, fat wad of money
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Post-modifier
Words come after the thing they're describing e.g. the wad of cash, big and fat.
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Metaphor
A comparison that states something is actually something else e.g. he is a lion.
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Simile
A comparision that states something is 'like' or 'as' something else e.g. he was as cold as snow
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Semantic field
Lexis that are in the same category e.g. DEATH = gloomy, grave, murder, dark
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Juxtapostion
The placing together of elements for a conscious effect (contrast/compliment)
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Oxymoron
use of contradiction words in a phrase together e.g cold sweat
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Asyndetic listing
Listing w/ commas e.g. bread, milk, cheese
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Syndetic listing
Listing w/ a conjuction e.g. bread and milk and cheese
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Taboo lexis
Socially unacceptable language e.g. swearing
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Idiom
A saying (normally cliché) e.g. i'm over the moon
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Archaic Language
Lexis of its time & fallen out of common use e.g. spiffing
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Prosodic Features
The 'sound effect' of spoken language
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Adjacency pair
A moment in turn taking where one utterance constrains their response
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False starts
Where the speaker realises the beginning of an utterance isn't working and stops.
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Fillers
erm, sorta, yh
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Overlapping
Interpreting one person while they're speaking
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Non-fluency features
Any features that would indicate the speaker isn't speaking w/ fluency
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Tag question
A qu tagged onto the end of a statement e.g. it's cold isn't it?
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Elision
Missing words within a word e.g. dunno
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Idiolect
The speech patterns of an individual
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Sociolect
The speech patterns of a group e.g. teenagers
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Deixis
Pointing words e.g. over there
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Discourse marker
Words that indicate a change in convo/division in the spoken lang e.g. well, anyway
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Intensifier
A word that increases/decreases the strength of another word e.g. very
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Phatic talk
Small talk e.g. the weather
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Co-operative signals
Signs the listening is actually listening e.g. yeah, mm
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Fronted conjunction
A conjunction at the start of a sentence e.g. "But it's cold outside"
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Seizing the floor
Where a speaker changes topic/takes over the convo
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Contraction
Joining two words e.g. can't, isn't
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Hedging
Softening or avoiding words e.g. maybe, perhaps
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Maxim of quantity
Not speaking too much or too little
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Maxim of relevance
Sticking to the topic in hand
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Maxim of manner
Avoiding ambiguity, having clear speech and manner
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Maxim of quality
Telling the truth
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Terms of address
What you call others e.g. mum, sir
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Anthypophora
Rhetorical qu which you answer yourself
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Anaphoric reference
Reference back to something earlier mentioned
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A naming word for an idea, concept, state of being or belief e.g. marxism

Back

Abstract noun

Card 3

Front

A naming word for a specific example of a common noun e.g. France

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A doing word e.g. playing

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Expresses a degree of possibility or necessity e.g. might or must

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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