AS Sociology

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a general agreement
1 of 80
an ideology, a sociological perspective focusing on how different parts of society work together
2 of 80
the way we see ourselves
3 of 80
social institution/ specialized agency
a part of society (e.g. school, media, family)
4 of 80
social integration
the movement of minority groups into mainstream society
5 of 80
social order
patterns of shared predictable behavior
6 of 80
social solidarity
a sense of community
7 of 80
social structure
the social organization of society
8 of 80
structuralist theory
a theory tht believes human behavior is influenced by the organization of society
9 of 80
moral consensus/ value
an agreement in society that something is good
10 of 80
the dominant class in a capitalist society (e.g. owners of businesses)
11 of 80
a marxist belief - an economic system in which the proletariat are exploited by the bourgoise
12 of 80
false class consciousness
proletariat not being aware of their true identity as exploited workers
13 of 80
an ideology that suggests women are suppressed and exploited by men
14 of 80
something lawful/ just
15 of 80
an ideology with the belief that societies are unequal and unfair - based on the writings of Karl Marx
16 of 80
means of production
what is needed to produce good (e.g. land, factories machines, technology, labour power)
17 of 80
rewarding someone based on ability and effort
18 of 80
oppositional subcultures
social groups whose behavior/ value systems challenge the dominant capitalist value system
19 of 80
dominated by males
20 of 80
exploited lower class workers in the capitalist system
21 of 80
ascribed status
status youre born with (e.g. race, class, gender)
22 of 80
the ways individuals use goods and services
23 of 80
youth crime
24 of 80
not functioning well, having negative consequences
25 of 80
feminization of the economy
economic trend that began in the 1960's where the majority of newly available jobs were aimed at women
26 of 80
beneficial, fulfilling purpose
27 of 80
functional prerequisites
the basic needs of society (e.g. the need for social order)
28 of 80
having more than one culture
29 of 80
patriarchal ideology
male-dominated ideas
30 of 80
having children
31 of 80
sexual divison of labour
the distribution of tasks according to gender
32 of 80
social control
encouraging and enforcing conformity
33 of 80
subscribing to cultural values and norms that may be different from the mainstream
34 of 80
given role/status based on individual merit
35 of 80
a belief in traditional ideas and institutions, suspicious of radical change, new right thinkers
36 of 80
domestic labour
housework and childcare
37 of 80
given role/ status based on fixed characteristics
38 of 80
gay, attracted to the same sex
39 of 80
expressive leader
Parson's term for the female function in the family - mother/ housewife
40 of 80
extended kinship networks
relationships with members of the family other than immediate
41 of 80
staying loyal to a partner
42 of 80
geographical mobility
the ability to travel quickly around the world
43 of 80
straight, attracted to the opposite sex
44 of 80
a group sharing residence
45 of 80
ideological apparatus
any institution involved in transmitting ruling class ideas (according to marxists)
46 of 80
a powerful idea
47 of 80
the process between the 18th/ 19th century in Britain when societies movied from agricultural production/ producers to industrial manufacturing/ consumers - urbanization changing family structure
48 of 80
instrumental leader
Parson's term for the male breadwinner
49 of 80
related by blood/ marriage
50 of 80
maternal instinct
a natural instinct to desire motherhood and caring for children
51 of 80
mutual economic support system
a system of supporting one another in the family
52 of 80
nuclear family
family group, typically two straight parents with 2-3 children living in the same household
53 of 80
caring for and looking after others
54 of 80
before the industrial revolution
55 of 80
political ideas supportive of tradition
56 of 80
political ideas that go against tradition
57 of 80
pay gap (sexual division of labour)
the difference in pay dependent on gender
58 of 80
symmetrical family
a nuclear family in which spouses take on equal roles
59 of 80
Close-knit community
a community in which there are close relationships between people
60 of 80
the legal ending of a marriage
61 of 80
divorce petition
a legal request for divorce
62 of 80
empty-shell marriage
a marriage in which the partners still stay together even though they're not in love anymore :'(
63 of 80
unable to be recovered (e.g. my willingness to live after revising for these exams)
64 of 80
having only one partner
65 of 80
negative labelling
treating something as if its undesirable or bad
66 of 80
privatized nuclear family
a home centred nuclear family that has little contact with extended family, neighbors, etc
67 of 80
reconstituted families
68 of 80
unfairly blamed
69 of 80
serial monogamy
a series of long term relationships
70 of 80
believes marriage benefits men more than women
71 of 80
believes marriage creates unrealistic expectations about monogamy
72 of 80
believes female attitudes towards marriage have changed, women now prioritise career over motherhood
73 of 80
SOCIOLOGIST(S)- Patricia Morgan
believes marriage involves attachments and obligations that regulate behavior
74 of 80
believes that the amount of marriages taking place are dependent on ethnicity
75 of 80
SOCIOLOGIST(S)- Rodgers and Pryor
believe children from separated families are more likely to misbehave, experience poverty, etc
76 of 80
SOCIOLOGIST(S)- Flouri and Buchanan
believe children with divorced parents whose fathers are still in their lives are more successful + if conflict continued after divorce, children were more likely to have mental health problems
77 of 80
SOCIOLOGIST(S)- Thornes and Collard
believe women value marriage more than men, therefore if men dont live up to expectations women look elsewhere
78 of 80
believes divorce could be the result of tension when the women don't want to only do domestic labour
79 of 80
SOCIOLOGIST(S)- Beck and Beck-Gernsheim
believe divorce is a result of a modern society as traditions have changed
80 of 80

Other cards in this set

Card 2


an ideology, a sociological perspective focusing on how different parts of society work together



Card 3


the way we see ourselves


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Card 4


a part of society (e.g. school, media, family)


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Card 5


the movement of minority groups into mainstream society


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