AS Pressure group

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Access points
The places within the political system Where groups and individuals try to influence policy makers. E.g. Constituency link
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Cause groups
AKA Promotional group. Tries to advance one idea, that effects most of the population. E.g. Pressure Groups
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Celebrity Leadership
Celebrities runnign a campaign as they gather more media attention. E.g. Joanna Lumley, Burkha, Jamie Oliver, Sugar Tax
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Civil disobedience
Refusing to follow orders of the state. not neccissarily violent. Students March.
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Cyberactivism
Use Emails, Blogs, social media. 38 degrees organise online petitions and communicate through the internet.
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Direct Action
Usually used by outsiders. Protests e.g. student fees protest. sometimes involve civil disobedience or even violence.
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Elitism
Power in the hands of a few. Hacker and pearson stuctural and instrumental power. E.g. BBA.
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Functional Representation
Reperesentation of occupation. Unions, e.g. teachers unions.
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Insider groups
Is consulted by govenrment on issues. has the chance to have a lot of influence.
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Core insiders
Used a lot. First name basis with the cabinet. BBA. BCI (British comerse and industry)
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Specialist insiders
Insider on only one specific part of policy making. e.g. education (Contour education)
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Peripheral inders
E.g. Russel Groups. Have an insider link when the govenrment need them but not always needed and therefore do not always have the power to influence the policy.
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Instrumental Power
Hacker and pearson. When Big businesses exert power on the government. They take an active role is they're structural power has not worked in influencing the governement.
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Intrest group
Protect the intrests of their members. E.g. teachers union. Usually functional groups.
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NGO (a non governemental organization)
Charity groups. E.g. Cancer Research
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Outsider Group
Pressure group that does not have link with the government. So use different methods to apply pressure to govenrment. e.g. Green Peace
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Pluralism
Robert Dahl. Power is widespread.
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Quango
Quazi-autonomous no-govenrmental organisation. e.g. Ofstead of ofqual.
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Structural power
Hacker and Pearson. Power Businesses have by nature which means the governement do not want to make policy that will ever uupset them. Almost a passive pressure group technique.
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Insider Cause Group Success
Contour Education - after school activities. Jamie Oliver - Sugar Tax. ASH- no smoking in public places and plain cigarette packaging.
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Outsider Cause Group Success
Greenpeace - rising success after no success. e.g. realease fo the artic 30 from jail. Hilsborough E-Petition. - forced govt to release files which reopened the case.
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Insider cause group failure
Jamie Oliver - School DInners, Countryside alliance (anti-hunting). HS2 - the train line is being built despite opposition from tories.
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Outsider cause group Failure
Frack off - ideologically opposed to government, sruggle to make an impact.
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Insider intrest group success
BBA. BMA (although issues with junior doctors they ahve reached a compromise)
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Outsider intrest group success.
UKIP, BRUGES group on EU referendum. Teaches unions on U-turn on accademies.
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Insider intrest group failure
National farmers union. BMA had to strike.
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Outsider intrest group failure
Student riots failure
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Chequebook membership.
Where members are part of the group but do not take part in any pressure group action. e.g. national trust
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Transnational group
interational group. e.g. Amnesty international during iraq war.
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Peak group
sometimes known as umbrella organisations. represent he collective needs of similar pressure groups.
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Think Tank
Group that provides ideas on political and ecconomic issues.
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Policy Network
Political science focusing on the realtionship between government and other groups to undertand the policy making process, and the final policies.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

AKA Promotional group. Tries to advance one idea, that effects most of the population. E.g. Pressure Groups

Back

Cause groups

Card 3

Front

Celebrities runnign a campaign as they gather more media attention. E.g. Joanna Lumley, Burkha, Jamie Oliver, Sugar Tax

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Refusing to follow orders of the state. not neccissarily violent. Students March.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Use Emails, Blogs, social media. 38 degrees organise online petitions and communicate through the internet.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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