AS PE Flashcards

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Define systole and diastole
Systole - when the heart contracts. Diastole - when the heart relaxes to fill with blood
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Define ejection fraction
The percentage of blood pumped out by the left ventricle per beat
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What is the role of the Atrioventricular Node (AVN)?
To relay the impulse between the upper and lower sections of the heart
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Give the five steps of Starling's Law
Increased venous return, Greater diastolic filling, Cardiac muscle stretched, More contraction force, Imcreased ejection fraction
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What is the Vascular Shunt Mechanism?
The redistribution of cardiac output
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What is the correct passage of air?
Nose, Larynx, Trachea, Bronchi, Bronchioles, Alveoli
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Give the two factors that affect spatial summation
The number and the size of the muscle's motor units
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What is autogenic inhibition?
A sudden relaxation of the muscle in response to high tension.
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Give the articulating bones at the shoulder joint
Scapula, Clavicle and Humerus
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What is the definition of skill?
The learned ability to bring about predetermined results with the minimum outlay of energy, time or both
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What mnemonic can skills characteristics be linked to?
ACEFACE, name them
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What is chaining?
Linking of sub-routines together in order when practicing
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What is the difference between knowledge of performance and knowledge of results?
KR concerns the outcome, KP concerns the technique
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What factors can cause a plateau?
Motivation, Boredom, Coach, Limit of ability, Targets too low, Fatigue
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Name the three possible types of guidance
Visual, Verbal and Manual
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Give the four stages of Bandura's Social Learning Theory
Attention, Retention, Motor Production, Motivation. Give a sentence about each
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Define the 5 R's of rational recreation
Rules/codification, Regular, Regional, Referees/officials, Respectable
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Give the three aspects of the "Golden Triangle"
Sport, Business and Media
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Define "Socialisation"
A lifelong process where members of society learn its norms, value, ideas and practices and roles in order to take their place in that society
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Name the main barriers to raising participation in sport
Time, Income, Motivation, Education
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Give 5 fitness benefits of raising participation in sport
Improved posture, improved cardiovascular fitness, improved muscular strength, improved flexibility, improved reactions
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Define tapering and peaking
Tapering = reducing the volume and or intensity of training prior to competition Peaking = planning training so a performer is at their peak, both physically and mentally, for a major competition
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Give 5 different types of training methods and explain them
Continuous, Fartlek, Interval, Circuit, Weight
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Give Newton's First Law of Motion
"Every body continues in its state of rest or motion in a straight line, unless compelled to change that state by external forces exerted upon it"
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Give 3 factors affecting stability
Height of centre of mass, area of the support base and mass of the performer
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In mechanical disadvantage, is the force or resistance arm longer?
The resistance arm is longer than the force arm
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Give Lewin's formula
B=f(P x E) - behaviour is a function of personality and environment
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Cognitive dissonance is: ' new _ given to the performer to cause _ and motivate change
Information, unease
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If cognitive anxiety is psychological, what is somatic anxiety?
Physiological
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What is catharsis?
A cleansing of the emotions in sport
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Name the four theories of aggression
Aggressive Cue, Social Learning, Instinct, Frustration Aggression
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What is social cohesion?
Individuals relating to each other to interact in the group
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Give the definition of sports analytics
The analysis of sports data using analytical tools and methods for data to be subjected to analytical procedures in order to try and improve results
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If reliability refers to the consistency of data collection, what does validity refer to?
The degree to which the data collected actually measures what it claims to measure
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Give the two disciplines of motion analysis
Notational match analysis and biomechanics
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Give two ways in which data integrity can be compromised
Human error, software bugs or viruses
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define ejection fraction

Back

The percentage of blood pumped out by the left ventricle per beat

Card 3

Front

What is the role of the Atrioventricular Node (AVN)?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give the five steps of Starling's Law

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the Vascular Shunt Mechanism?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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