AS Music set works revision cards-Haydn-The Joke

revision aid for Haydn

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Context: From where did Haydn's influence to write for a string quartet come from?
Initially from Chamber Music. He established the string quartet as being the most successful genre of chamber music.
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Structure: What form/structure is The Joke written in?
A jolly Rondo form. (ABACA1). A=0-36, B=36-70, A=71-107, C=107-140 and A1 (Adagio section)=140-172. A is called the refrain and the others are episodes. A also has an internal structure of rounded binary form.
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Structure: In this rondo, what is there lots of, that is also a feature of Classical music?
The short melodic motif established from the beginning of the piece returns oodles of times.
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Forces: Forces used and relationship between them?
violins 1+2, viola and violoncello. The combination blends superbly and offers full 4 part harmony in many textures. All 4 instruments treated as equally as important.
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Forces: In terms of technique, how do the instruments play?
Arco all the way. No pizzicato. Frequent staccato is used however, which gives the piece a light playful effect. Double stopping used, most notably in the brief Adagio passage near the end for greater weight.
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Texture: Main textures of the piece?
Largely 4 part-each voice is usually independent. Homophony-sometimes there is chordal or homorhythmic movement i.e. bar 139-140. Usually there's some mel. dom. hom.-V1 melody often dominates i.e. beginning.
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Melody: Haydn's melody is a perfect example of a Classical one. Why?
Clear from the opening 8 bars, Haydn uses perfect classical phrase structures for his melodies (2+2+4).
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Melody: much use of what kind of patterns?
scale and arpeggio patterns. Bars 17-21 is a good e.g.
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Melody: mainly diatonic or chromatic?
Mainly diatonic, although some chromaticism is use; bars 9-12.
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Melody: What made the arpeggio in bars 18 and 20 interesting and not bland?
The surprising strong beat A natural, creating dissonance.
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Melody: What kind of passing notes do we encounter?
Diatonic, unaccented (D in bar 3), chromatic and accented (B natural in bar 13)..
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Melody: Give a reference to an auxiliary note?
The A natural in bar 4 is a chromatic lower aux. note.
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Melody: What is an Echappe note?! And where does Haydn use one?
Translates to 'escape note'. It's a bit like a passing note-moving by step away from the harmony note, but then it decides to leap in the opposite direction to a new harmony note. The G in bar 3 qualifies as one of these little tinkers.
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Melody: Talk about the ornementation?
It's very seldom. Apart from some acciaccaturas making appearance now and again. i.e.. bar 7.
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Melody: How is Haydn's crisp and buoyant melody brought alive by articulations?
With short slurs and much use of staccato.
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Melody: In just one word, describe Haydn's melody.
Monothematic
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Melody: How can we nutshell Haydn's thematic units?
X,Y,Z.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Structure: What form/structure is The Joke written in?

Back

A jolly Rondo form. (ABACA1). A=0-36, B=36-70, A=71-107, C=107-140 and A1 (Adagio section)=140-172. A is called the refrain and the others are episodes. A also has an internal structure of rounded binary form.

Card 3

Front

Structure: In this rondo, what is there lots of, that is also a feature of Classical music?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Forces: Forces used and relationship between them?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Forces: In terms of technique, how do the instruments play?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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