AS Music set works revision cards-Bach Sarabande

Cards to help revise the information needed for each of the ten set works.

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Context: What is a Partita?
A suite, such as the one by Bach.
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What is a Sarabande?
A slow dance in triple time, with an emphasis on the second beat of the bar. (I.e bars 1+2)
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Structure: What is the structure of the Sarabande ?
Rounded Binary form. We say it is Rounded because material from the first repeated section reappears as a conclusion.
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Structure: In what way does the structure of the Sarabande relate to that of Sonata Form?
Both sections repeat. Section A returns like a recapitulation. This is very much like Prototype Sonata form.
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Structure: How does section A end and where?
Ends with a descent to an A major perfect cadence in key of D major and then modulates to A major (the dominant of the key). Section A then repeats. Section A is from bars 1-12.
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Structure: How does section B start and where?
Starts at bar 12 in the dominant (A major) and the "Sarabande motif" from bars 1+2 is repeated.
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Structure: Where does section B end and how?
Ends in bar 28. Section then repeats. Ends with an ascent to a perfect cadence in the tonic (D major).
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Structure: Where does A1 start and end and how can we hear this?
A1 starts in bar 29 and ends at 38. We can hear this because the sarabande motif in the tonic reappears in 29 onwards from bars 1+2.
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Texture: In which hand is the tune carried?
In the right hand. The left hand supports the melodic RH with a walking bass line.
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Texture: Texture of the piece?
Wide variety used. Homophony in bar 1, monophony in bars 2 and 14 and two part and free voiced in bars 11+12.
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Melody:When do the 2 main motifs reappear?
The motifs reappear at the start of each section in the key changes.
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Melody: Where is the second motif introduced?
Bar 9 and reappears in each key change and section following motif one.
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Melody: Describe the melody in a vague nutshell?
Very motivic and repetitive with sequential writing and fortspinnung.
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Melody: What are the main melodic features? Give a bar reference for each.
Dissonance and retardation (bar 12-end of A), Descending sequences (Bar 32-DS in both hands), Ascending sequences (Bar 17), Inflexion of Bminor (Bar 11), Fortspinnung (From bar 35 to the cadence), Appogiaturas (Bar 20 in RH).
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Tonality: Overall Key of piece?
D major.
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Tonality: Where are the significant modulations and to what key?
section A starts in D and modulates to the dominant at the end going into section B. On the way back to D major, Bm (19-20) and Em (21-24) can be heard. Back to the tonic in bar 29.
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Tonality: Explain how D major gets to A major in section A?
Via a melodic sequence of related keys.
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Harmony: What's significant about bar 12?
A diminished 7th chord is placed over a tonic pedal creating dissonance. This then resolves to an A major chord (B12).
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Harmony: What key does Section B start in?
A major.
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Harmony: What happens in bar 20?
The relative minor/secondary dominant is heard (B minor) and we heard a cadence in the relative.
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Harmony: What cadence is heard at the end of the piece?
A perfect cadence. (B38). Plenty are heard throughout.
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Harmony: Functional or not?
Very Functional I.e. bars 1-12.
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Forces: What would the piece originally have been performed on?
A harpsichord. Modern recordings feature solo piano.
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Forces: Why are there little performance directions i.e. dynamics?
The piece was written for harpsichord. The instrument did not have the ability to resonate and sustain notes like the piano. This means there are little to no directions. The lack of directions is also a feature of the Baroque era.
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Rhythm: Rhythmic features of a Sarabande?
Slow, simple triple (3/4)
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Rhythm: How do the two hands differ?
The LH is fairly simple (walking bass line) which contrasts with the very melodically complex RH.
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Rhythm: How is the pulse provided?
In the LH bass line.
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Rhythm: Where does Fortspinnung happen?
In the RH only.
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Rhythm: Syncopation... where?
In the RH of bar 15. Tied notes and demi semis can be seen and heard.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is a Sarabande?

Back

A slow dance in triple time, with an emphasis on the second beat of the bar. (I.e bars 1+2)

Card 3

Front

Structure: What is the structure of the Sarabande ?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Structure: In what way does the structure of the Sarabande relate to that of Sonata Form?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Structure: How does section A end and where?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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