AS - Law - The Judiciary

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  • Created by: jkav
  • Created on: 03-05-16 11:01
Rule of Law
This simply means that the state should govern its citizens in accordance with rules that have been agreed upon.
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Judicial review
A system whereby the High Court oversees decisions of public bodies, officals, local authorities, and members of the Executive to ascertain whether the body had the power to make the decision.
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Declarations of incompatibility
Issued under section 4 of the Human Rights Act 1998, this gives senior judges the power to question the compatibility of legislation with human rights. The declaration is sent to parliament. It does not allow judges to strike out laws.
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Separation of powers
State power is divided into three types: the executive, judicial and the legislative, and that each type of power should be exercised by a different body/people.
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Executive
The government
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Lay
A non-legally qualified person.
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Oxbridge
Oxford and Cambridge University.
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Secret soundings
The old appointments process whereby information on a potential judge would be gathered informally over time from leading barristers and judges.
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Privy Council
The final appeal court for Commonwealth countries.
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House of Lords
The name of the Upper House in Parliament = the legislative chamber. Confusion arose before the establishment of the Supreme Court, as the highest appeal court was also called the House of Lords.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

A system whereby the High Court oversees decisions of public bodies, officals, local authorities, and members of the Executive to ascertain whether the body had the power to make the decision.

Back

Judicial review

Card 3

Front

Issued under section 4 of the Human Rights Act 1998, this gives senior judges the power to question the compatibility of legislation with human rights. The declaration is sent to parliament. It does not allow judges to strike out laws.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

State power is divided into three types: the executive, judicial and the legislative, and that each type of power should be exercised by a different body/people.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The government

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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