AS Law G151: Juries and Magistrates

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What is a 'lay person'?
Someone who makes decisions in the legal process but isn't legally qualified.
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JURIES (QUALIFICATIONS): What Act set out the qualifications needed to be a juror?
Juries Act 1974
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JURIES (QUALIFICATIONS): What do you need in order to be eligible for jury service?
1) Aged between 18-70. 2) Registered to vote. 3) Resident in the UK for at least 5 years since the age of 13.
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JURIES (DISQUALIFICATION): When would you be PERMANENTLY DISQUALIFIED from being a juror?
Life imprisonment or 5 years+
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JURIES (DISQUALIFICATION): When would you be disqualified for 10 YEARS?
Sentenced to 5 years or less/ anyone with a community order in the last 10 years.
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JURIES (DISQUALIFICATION): When would you TEMPORARILY disqualified?
On bail.
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JURIES (INELIGIBLE): What happened before Criminal Justice Act 2003?
Judges, Barristers, Solicitors and police officers were ineligible for jury service.
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JURIES (INELIGIBLE): Is a blind person ineligible for jury service? Why?
No, if there's no visual evidence they can still be a juror.
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JURIES (INELIGIBLE): Is a deaf person ineligible for jury service?
Yes.
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JURIES (INELIGIBLE): Are mentally disordered/incompetent people ineligible?
Yes.
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JURIES (EXCUSALS): What occupations could be excused from jury service?
Teachers, Doctors and Nurses.
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JURIES (EXCUSALS): What act abolished this rule?
Criminal Justice Act 2003
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JURIES (EXCUSALS): What occupations can be excused from jury service now?
Full-Time members of the Navy, Military or Air Force.
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JURIES (DEFERRING JURY SERVICE): How many times can you defer jury service?
3 times.
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JURIES (DEFERRING JURY SERVICE): What are 3 reasons why you can defer jury service?
1) Too ill. 2) Important meeting/exam. 3) Holiday that has already been pre-booked.
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JURIES (SELECTING A JURY): Where are names randomly selected from?
Electoral register for the area that the court covers.
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JURIES (SELECTING A JURY): How are you notified if you've been selected?
Letter through the post.
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JURIES (SELECTING A JURY): What happens if you don't attend jury service?
Get a fine.
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JURIES (SELECTING A JURY): How long are you expected to attend for?
2 weeks.
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JURIES (VETTING): Who can see the list of jurors in order to check for suitability?
Prosecution and the Defence.
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JURIES (VETTING): What two types of vetting is there?
1) Routine police checks (check you shouldn't be disqualified). 2) Wider background checks (Check political beliefs).
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JURIES (CHALLENGING): What are the two types of challenging?
1) FOR CAUSE (one single juror-related to D or witness). 2) TO THE ARRAY (challenging whole jury - biased/unrepresentative (R v Ford))
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JURIES (ROLE): Where are juries used?
Crown Court.
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JURIES (ROLE): How many jurors are on a panel?
12.
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JURIES (ROLE): What types of crimes do they hear?
ALL indictable and some TEW.
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JURIES (ROLE IN CRIMINAL CASES): Do juries give reasons for their decisions?
No.
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JURIES (THE VERDICT): What must the jury come to?
A unanimous verdict - ALL 12 jurors must agree.
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JURIES (VERDICT): What happens if they don't come to a unanimous verdict after 2 hours?
Judge will accept a majority verdict of 11-1 or 10-2.
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JURIES (ROLE IN CIVIL CASES): What court are juries used in civil cases?
High Court.
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JURIES (ROLE IN CIVIL CASES): What types of cases do they hear?
1) Defamation cases. 2) Fraud cases. 3) False imprisonment cases. 4) Malicious prosecution cases.
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JURIES (ROLE IN CIVIL CASES): What two roles do juries have in civil cases?
1) Responsible for deciding who's at fault. 2) Decide on how much compensation the V should get.
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JURIES (ROLE IN CIVIL CASES): Where else are juries used?
Coroner's court to investigate into a death.
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JURIES (ROLE OF JUDGES): What does the judge need to explain to the jury?
Give guidance on the law.
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MAGISTRATES (QUALIFICATIONS): Do Magistrates need qualifications in law?
No.
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MAGISTRATES (QUALIFICATIONS): What are the ages you can be a Magistrate?
18-65
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MAGISTRATES (QUALIFICATIONS): When do they retire?
70
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MAGISTRATES (QUALIFICATIONS): Why is it rare for someone under 25 to be appointed
Lack of life experience.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

JURIES (QUALIFICATIONS): What Act set out the qualifications needed to be a juror?

Back

Juries Act 1974

Card 3

Front

JURIES (QUALIFICATIONS): What do you need in order to be eligible for jury service?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

JURIES (DISQUALIFICATION): When would you be PERMANENTLY DISQUALIFIED from being a juror?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

JURIES (DISQUALIFICATION): When would you be disqualified for 10 YEARS?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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