AS English Language Paper 2 Terminology

British Black English
A wide-ranging label, but generally refering to a variety used by some speakers within the caribbean community in the UK
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Co-operative principle
Grice's maxims
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Covert prestiege
Status gained from peer group recognition, rather than public acknowledgement
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Creole
A variety that has developed from a trade language ('pidgin', not the language of either speakers) to become a stable language used by speakers as their 'mother' language
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Declinism
The idea that language is in constant decline
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Descriptivism
The belief that correctness is dependent on context and should be defined by what ios appropriate in any context. Descriptivists take their norms by obdserving and going with the majority, and not doing what they 'should' do
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Diachronic variation
Variation through time
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Dialect leveling
The way in which dialect terms have been dropping out of use
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Dysphemism
A direct form of language that doesn't try to disguise sensitive or difficuilt topics
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Endearment
A term used to address someone without saying the persons name
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Ethnolect
A style language thought to be typical of a particular ethnic group
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Euphanism
Indirect form of language that enables speakers to avoid mentioning something unpleasent or offensive
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Face Threatening Act
Something that effects someones self-image
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Genderlect
A style of langauge thought to be specific/distinctive to either men or women
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Hegemonic
Culturally dominant
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Inferance
Assumed knowlage in order to presume meaning
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Monostylistic
Having only one style of communication
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Negative face
The need not to feel emposedf on by another person
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Overt prestiege
Status that is pubically acknowledged
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Patois
An alternative term for creole, to disance the language from apperent connections with Europe, and to suggest how it should be pronounced
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Prescriptivism
The belief that there is an absolute authority which determins what usage is correct and unchangable
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Solidarity
A feeling of connection with others
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Tautology
Reducing valubility by repeating words or phrases
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Grice's maxims

Back

Co-operative principle

Card 3

Front

Status gained from peer group recognition, rather than public acknowledgement

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

A variety that has developed from a trade language ('pidgin', not the language of either speakers) to become a stable language used by speakers as their 'mother' language

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The idea that language is in constant decline

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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