Aromatic routes

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What is required for Benzene to aromatic ketone? What is this called?
Acyl chloride + AlCl3 Acylation
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What is nitration and what is required for this reaction to occur?
Addition of a nitro group (NO2). H2SO4 and 50 degrees c (70 degrees if two groups added)
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What are the two catalyst reactions in the nitration of Benzene
1) HNO3 + H2SO4 = NO2+ + HSO4- +H20 2) H+ + HSO4- = H2SO4
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How to reduce Nitrobenzene and what does this give?
Sn/HCl and an armoatic amine
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What are the requirements for Halogenation of Benzene
Halogen carrier catalyst (AlBr3/FeBr3, they generate the dipoles in the halogen) + Br2
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How to add C2H5 to Benzene and what is this reaction called?
C2H5Cl + AlCl3 (Alkylation)
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Phenol + NaOH gives? and shows Phenol is a?
Sodium Phenoxide salt (O- Na+) +H20
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Bromination of Phenol and any observations?
Phenol + 3Br2 = 2,4,6-tribromophenol + 3HBr White ppt
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What are the 2,4 directing e- donating groups
OH , NH2
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What is the 3 directing e- withdrawing group?
NO2
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is nitration and what is required for this reaction to occur?

Back

Addition of a nitro group (NO2). H2SO4 and 50 degrees c (70 degrees if two groups added)

Card 3

Front

What are the two catalyst reactions in the nitration of Benzene

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

How to reduce Nitrobenzene and what does this give?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What are the requirements for Halogenation of Benzene

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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