Aristotle (virtues)

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For Aristotle, what is every action focused on?
An aim/outcome
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What type of ethics is Aristotle's theory amongst?
Teleological
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What is the superior aim?
To achieve the supreme good
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What is the supreme good?
Eudaimonia
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What is 'Eudaimonia?'
A contented state of being happy/healthy/prosperous
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What did happiness mean for Aristotle?
More than pleasure
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What 3 ways did he understand happiness?
1.Pleasure 2. As a free member of society 3. Philisophical
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What is a person like if they are morally good?
They have positive traits/virtues and do not have negative traits/vices
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What 2 types of virtues does Aristotle distinguish between?
1. Intellectual virtues 2. Moral virtues
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How are intellectual virtues developed?
By training oneself/being educated
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How are moral virtues developed?
By practicing and developing habit
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Why did Aristotle believe that friendship was an important social virtue?
It will develop a person but also by nature continue to develop the friend (as long as both continue to cultivate/develop virtues
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What type of friendship did he believe that we ought to develop?
Friendships of the good (based upon enjoyment of each other's character)
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What types of friendship did he believe that we ought not to develop?
Friendships of Utility (based upon necessity/usefulness) and Friendships of pleasure (based upon enjoyment/common interests)
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What is, for Aristotle, friendship key to achieving?
Eudaimonia and therefore modelling virtues
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What 4 cardinal (fundamental) virtues need to be achieved?
1. Moderation 2. Justice 3. Courage 4.Prudence (practical wisdom)
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What does 'agent-centred' mean?
It refers to ethical approaches that are focused on the development of the person rather than on the morality of what they are doing.
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Card 2

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What type of ethics is Aristotle's theory amongst?

Back

Teleological

Card 3

Front

What is the superior aim?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the supreme good?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is 'Eudaimonia?'

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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