Aristotle Prime Mover

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  • Created by: T Colby
  • Created on: 27-03-16 22:40
What did Aristotle think that all movement depended on?
There being a mover that moves but is itself unmoved.
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What is the unmoved mover a cause of that brought about the movement we see taking place?
Chain of events.
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What is the unmoved mover known as?
The Prime Mover.
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In what work of his did Aristotle refer to the Prime Mover as God?
Metaphysics.
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Give five examples of movement.
Change, growth, melting, cooling, heating etc.
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Who else besides Aristotle recognised that everything in the world is in a state of flux?
Aristotle's predecessor Heraclitus.
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Change is what?
Eternal.
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The Prime Mover is the first of all what?
Substances.
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What does the Prime Mover have?
Everlasting life.
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How does the Prime Mover cause things to move?
By attraction.
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Give an example of the Prime Mover moving things by attraction.
A bowl of milk attracts a cat and is unchanged in the process.
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What three things is the Prime Mover of a movement?
The end, or purpose or teleology of a movement.
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What is the Prime Mover not of a movement?
Some of kind of push.
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Who else came to the same conslusion as Aristotle in his Third Law of Motion.
Isaac Newton: "Action and reaction are equal and opposite".
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Is the Prime Mover affected or unaffected?
Unaffected.
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Why do stars and planets move?
Out of spiritual desire to imitate God.
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How do stars and planets move?
By moving in eternal circles.
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How does God exist and what does he not need for this?
He exists necessarily and doesn't need anything else for existence.
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What does God not have nor has any what to do?
Never changes nor has any potential to change.
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Why must eternal things be good?
There can be no defect in something that exists necessarily because badness is associated with some kind of lack, a not-being of something which ought to be there, an absence of the actuality that Aristotle thought God perfectly has.
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What is the Prime Mover?
Immaterial.
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What can the Prime Mover not perform?
Any kind of physical or bodily action.
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Due to the Prime Mover being immaterial, what two things does this purely make it?
Purely spiritual and intellectual.
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What is the activity of God?
Thought and thought alone.
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What does God only think about and why?
Himself as he is all he knows.
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What does God not have for us and why?
A plan for us as he is unaffected by us.
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The Prime Mover is a pure substance that has no what?
Form.
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What is the Prime Mover Aristotle's idea of?
God.
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What kind of God is the Prime Mover?
One that people can't pray to or have a relationship with. It represents the end to which all matter is moving and aspiring; a transcendent God.
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What did Aristotle disagree with Plato about?
He thought there was no proof that the Forms existed.
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Aristotle thought, if the Forms did exist, how could this be?
As natural ones in this world and not ones in the Metaphysical one.
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What cause is the Prime Mover in nature and why?
The Final Cause as it gives nature a purpose (teleology).
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What is unclear about the Prime Mover and the Universe?
The relationship between the two.
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Although the Prime Mover is transcendent like the Christian God, what can it not do?
Interact with the world in the way that God can.
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Card 2

Front

What is the unmoved mover a cause of that brought about the movement we see taking place?

Back

Chain of events.

Card 3

Front

What is the unmoved mover known as?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

In what work of his did Aristotle refer to the Prime Mover as God?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give five examples of movement.

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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