Aristotle and Causation

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What is the material cause?
The substance of which the thing is made.
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What is the formal cause?
Its design that shapes the formal concept.
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What is the efficient cause?
Its maker or builder.
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What is the final cause?
Its purpose or function.
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What is teleology?
A term used to describe any theory in which everything is related to its goal or purpose.
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What is the prime mover?
Aristotle's God indifferent to the universe contemplating his own perfection, creates motion by drawing all things to himself as ultimate final cause.
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What are some objections to Aristotle's theories?
Assumptions about efficient cause may be questioned. Questions may be asked about Aristotle's notion purpose.
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What is the fallacy of Composition?
The error of thinking what is true of the part is true of the whole.
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Card 2

Front

What is the formal cause?

Back

Its design that shapes the formal concept.

Card 3

Front

What is the efficient cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What is the final cause?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is teleology?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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