aristotle

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Aristotle background
greek philosopher, macedonian taught alexandeer the great, pupil of plato, empricist
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4 causes
state of constant flux/kinesis, potentiality to actuality, metaphysics book XII uses whiteness, stages of causation
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material cause
matter/substance it is made up of, 'bronze sculpture and a silver saucer', can have more than on e.g. book = ink, glue, paper
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efficient cause
aristotle's sculpture, the way the marble was moved from potentiality to actuality, a chisel, hammer, and sculpture, has to reach actuality for next stage
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formal cause
characteristics, statue itself - structure, form, shape
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final cause
telos, statue is aesthetic - to be admired, example of health to walk 'why does one walk' 'that one may be healthy', whiteness - potential to become dirty
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Card 2

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4 causes

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state of constant flux/kinesis, potentiality to actuality, metaphysics book XII uses whiteness, stages of causation

Card 3

Front

material cause

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

efficient cause

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

formal cause

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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