Arguments for and against the use of non-human animals in psychology

It is beneficial and ethically justifiable to use non-human animals in psychology why?
as this is the type of research is highly scientific
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Animal research can be tightly what?
controlled in labs
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how can it be carried out?
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It is higher on what? than research involving what?
reliability with a lower ethical cost
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For example was did Singer suggest?
using animals in research is essential for the greater good of society, therefore is ethically acceptable
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However what can opponents argue?
one accepted animal research was ethical, it is pointless anyway
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because what applies to animals does not necessarily apply to humans due to their different levels of intelligence
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researchers using animals argue what?
legal constraints ensure that animal suffering is kept to a minimum
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so they are what?
protected from harm
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What two guidleines lay down strict constraints?
Animals act and BPS ethical guideline
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Researchers using animals such as seyle would now what?
justify his use of so many rats, ensure suffering was kept to a minimum
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What is the last thing researchers have to do?
explain wht it could not be carried out using non animal methods eg. scanning
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What is this further backed up by?
home office who introduced the principle of the 3 Rs
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What was this principle?
Replace, reduce and refine
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What does this encourage?
support ethical considerations regarding animals in research
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However even if these laws are observed, What still has to be considered?
the level of animal suffering involved in psychological research
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What is the number of animals used today?
3000 per year in the UK
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What did Dunayer argue?
Dunayer argues that the laws just make it legal to imprision, enslave and kill animals rather than making their use more ethical
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Some psychologists believe humans are what?
more supierior to and more complex than animals
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This means it is ethical to what?
Use animals due to potential aplications, which will ultimately improve the quality of human lives
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For exampled, Pavlovs classical conditioning research in dogs, led to what?
cures for bed wetting and alcoholism
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However, what is this?
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What could be argued?
animals should have the same rights as humans
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but when researching on them, What are they denied?
Right to withdraw and consent
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What is an absolutist position?
they would suggest that no use of animals is ever justifiable.
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What does Bateson conclude?
when considering ethical issues and the use of the use of non- human pps
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What was has to weigh up?
Quality og the research, certainty of benefit to humans and 3 the degree of animal suffering involved
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What happens when 1 and 2 are high?
3 is low is it ethical and justifiable to carry out animal research
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Card 2


Animal research can be tightly what?


controlled in labs

Card 3


how can it be carried out?


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Card 4


It is higher on what? than research involving what?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


For example was did Singer suggest?


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