Argument From Design

  • Created by: Lucy
  • Created on: 08-05-13 16:12
William Paley Watch Analogy
1.If we find a watch on a beach we reasonably infer from the fact that ‘its parts fit and work together in an intricate manner’ that the watch was designed by an intelligent agent. 2.This can then be applied to biological mechanisms such as the eye.
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General Criticism of Paley
1. Evolution 2. We do not necessarily get a Christian God - Only a creator of biological mechanisms
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Hume's Criticism of Paley
1. Analogy is not very convincing. 2.We only know that watches are designed because we have experienced people making them. There is no evidence for a creator of the universe.
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Darwin's Response
The explanation from natural selection with the evidence to support it disvalidates Paley’s reasoning from biological organisms. (not Universe as a whole). an effective naturalistic explanation can make the theistic one (special designer) redundant.
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Criticisms of Darwin
Problem for the Darwinistic counter-argument: extreme improbability of first life. Evolutionary explanations work only when life – complex biological reproducing organisms – are already there.
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Mackie's Claim
Scientific development of the last 200 years have pushed the AfD to the most fundamental level of orderliness of the universe: The very existence and the very exact combination of the laws of the universe as it is gives rise to intelligent design.
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Intelligent Design vs. Fine Tuning
Intelligent design does not accept Mackie's claim (concentrate on biology) and thus work against evolution. Fine Tuning works with evolution and agrees with Mackie's claim.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

1. Evolution 2. We do not necessarily get a Christian God - Only a creator of biological mechanisms

Back

General Criticism of Paley

Card 3

Front

1. Analogy is not very convincing. 2.We only know that watches are designed because we have experienced people making them. There is no evidence for a creator of the universe.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

The explanation from natural selection with the evidence to support it disvalidates Paley’s reasoning from biological organisms. (not Universe as a whole). an effective naturalistic explanation can make the theistic one (special designer) redundant.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Problem for the Darwinistic counter-argument: extreme improbability of first life. Evolutionary explanations work only when life – complex biological reproducing organisms – are already there.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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